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Relationship Between the Consumption of Milk-Based Oils Including Butter and Kermanshah Ghee with Metabolic Syndrome: Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease Cohort Study

Authors Ahmadi E, Abdollahzad H, Pasdar Y, Rezaeian S, Moludi J, Nachvak SM, Mostafai R

Received 27 January 2020

Accepted for publication 23 April 2020

Published 5 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1519—1530


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ming-Hui Zou

Elham Ahmadi,1 Hadi Abdollahzad,2,3 Yahya Pasdar,2 Shahab Rezaeian,3 Jalal Moludi,3 Seyed Mostafa Nachvak,2 Roghayeh Mostafai2

1Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 2Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran; 3Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence: Hadi Abdollahzad
Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Isar Sq., Kermanshah P.O. Box 6719851351, Iran

Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in recent years has been growing in different societies, which may be due to lifestyle changes including changes in diet, in particular the consumption pattern of edible oils. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the consumption of animal oils including butter and Kermanshah ghee with MetS and its components in the adult population of Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 5550 adults aged 35– 65 years using baseline data of Ravansar’s prospective study center in Iran. MetS was defined according to the criteria of modified NCEP ATP III for Iranian adults. Relationship between the consumption of butter and Kermanshah ghee and MetS was analyzed by logistic regression model using STATA software.
Results: In our study, the frequency of MetS was 31.40%. The mean body mass index and mean age were 27.1± 4.6 kg/m2 and 47.6± 8.2 years. The mean values of consumed butter and Kermanshah ghee were 3.3± 1.8 and 5.1± 2.3 g/day, respectively. After adjusting the confounding variables, the highest to the lowest quintile of butter and Kermanshah ghee consumption showed a reverse correlation with the MetS (OR = 0.7, 95% CI = 0.5– 0.9) and (OR= 0.7, 95% CI=0.6– 0.9), respectively.
Conclusion: This study revealed a reverse relationship between milk and Kermanshah ghee consumption with MetS and its components. Therefore, consumption of milk-based oils may be associated with lower cardiovascular risk factors.

Keywords: butter, Kermanshah ghee, metabolic syndrome, oil, Ravansar cohort

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