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Relationship Between Clinical Control, Respiratory Symptoms and Quality of Life for Patients with COPD

Authors Alcazar-Navarrete B, Fuster A, García Sidro P, García Rivero JL, Abascal-Bolado B, Pallarés-Sanmartín A, Márquez E, Valido-Morales A, Boldova Loscertales A, Callejas-Gonzalez FJ, Palop M, Riesco JA, Golpe R, Soler-Cataluña JJ, Miravitlles M

Received 1 June 2020

Accepted for publication 28 August 2020

Published 28 October 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 2683—2693


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Bernardino Alcazar-Navarrete,1,2 Antonia Fuster,3 Patricia García Sidro,4 Juan Luis García Rivero,5 Beatriz Abascal-Bolado,6 Abel Pallarés-Sanmartín,7 Eduardo Márquez,2,8 Agustin Valido-Morales,9 Ana Boldova Loscertales,10 Francisco Javier Callejas-Gonzalez,11 Marta Palop,12 Juan Antonio Riesco,2,13 Rafael Golpe,14 Juan Jose Soler-Cataluña,2,15 Marc Miravitlles2,16

1AIG De Medicina. Hospital De Alta Resolución De Loja. Agencia Sanitaria Hospital De Poniente, Loja, Granada, Spain; 2CIBERES. Instituto De Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; 3Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Universitario De Son Llatzer, Palma De Mallorca, Spain; 4Servicio De Neumología. Hospital De La Plana, Castellón, Spain; 5Servicio De Neumología. Hospital De Laredo, Laredo, Spain; 6Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Universitario Marqués De Valdecilla, Santander, Spain; 7Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Universitario Alvaro Cunqueiro, Vigo, Spain; 8Unidad Médico-Quirúrgica De Enfermedades Respiratorias. Hospital Virgen Del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain; 9UGC De Neumología. HU Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain; 10Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Royo Villanova, Zaragoza, Spain; 11Servicio De Neumología. Complejo Hospitalario Universitario De Albacete, Albacete, Spain; 12Servicio De Neumología. Hospital De Sagunto, Sagunto, Spain; 13Servicio De Neumología. Hospital San Pedro De Alcántara, Cáceres, Spain; 14Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Universitario Lucus Augusti, Lugo, Spain; 15Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Arnau De Villanova- Lliria, Valencia, Spain; 16Servicio De Neumología. Hospital Universitari Vall De Hebron/Vall d’Hebron Institut De Recerca, Barcelona, Spain

Correspondence: Bernardino Alcazar-Navarrete
Hospital De Alta Resolución De Loja. Agencia Sanitaria Hospital De Poniente. Avda Tierno Galván s/n, Loja 18300, Granada, Spain

Background: The concept of clinical control has been proposed as an instrument for evaluating patients with COPD. However, the possible association between clinical control, reduced symptom severity and HRQoL has yet to be confirmed.
Methods: This multicentre, prospective and observational study was carried out in 15 pulmonology clinics in Spain. The patients were followed up for six months, with a baseline visit (V0), followed by visits at three months (V1) and six months (V2). Clinical control was determined at V1, with the application of both clinical criteria and the COPD assessment test (CAT). All patients reported their symptoms by a validated symptom diary (E-RS) using a portable device, and their HRQoL was assessed using the EQ5D questionnaire. The relationship between clinical control and E-RS and HRQoL during follow-up was assessed with t-test.
Results: A total of 126 patients were screened. After application of the inclusion/exclusion criteria, 93 were finally included (mean age 66 ± 8 years, 84.9% male), with a mean FEV1 predicted of 49.8% ± 16.5%. Of these patients, 44 (47.3%) achieved clinical control at V1, according to CAT criteria, and 50 (53.8%), according to clinical criteria. The E-RS scores differed between controlled and uncontrolled patients at all time points, both according to CAT (mean differences of − 4.6, − 5.6 and − 6.2 units at V0, V1 and V2, respectively, p< 0.005 for all comparisons) and to clinical criteria (mean differences of − 3.3, − 5-6 and − 4.99 units, respectively, p< 0.005 for all comparisons). The controlled patients also presented a significantly better HRQoL, measured by the EQ5D questionnaire (mean difference 0.13 and 0.10 at V2 by CAT or clinical criteria, respectively, p< 0.05).
Conclusion: Clinical control in patients with COPD, whether measured by CAT or by clinical criteria, is associated with a lower symptom load and a better HRQoL.

Keywords: control, symptoms, quality of life, impact, COPD

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