Relation of personality factors and life events to waist/height ratio and percentage of visceral fat in women and men
Received 3 May 2019
Accepted for publication 30 May 2019
Published 4 July 2019 Volume 2019:12 Pages 499—511
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman
Milos Slepecky,1 Antonia Kotianova,1 Jan Prasko,1,2 Ivan Majercak,3,4 Michal Kotian,5 Erika Gyorgyova,4 Marta Zatkova,1 Michaela Chupacova,5 Marie Ociskova,2 Tomas Sollar1,6
1Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Care, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Nitra, The Slovak Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University Palacky Olomouc, University Hospital, Olomouc 77520, The Czech Republic; 31st Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Josef Safarik University in Košice, Košice, The Slovak Republic; 4Internal Medicine and Cardiology, Private practice MUDr Ivan Majercak, Košice, The Slovak Republic; 5Department of clinical psychology, Psychagogia, Liptovsky Mikulas, 03101, The Slovak Republic; 6Institute of Applied Psychology, Faculty of Social Science and Health Care, Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Nitra, The Slovak Republic
Purpose: The investigation aimed to explore the association between personality traits, stressful life events, quality of life on anthropometric characteristics (waist/height ratio and percentage of visceral fat).
Method: A total of 227 participants took part in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS), Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised, Type-D Scale (DS-14), EuroQol Group 5-Dimension Self-Report Questionnaire (EQ-5D), and demographic questionnaire. Two anthropometric parameters were measured: Waist/height ratio and Percentage of the visceral fat.
Results: The average age of participants was 39.6±12.9 years, 60.4% women. The 41.8% of participants were overweight or obese. Regression analysis found a significant link between Harm-avoidance and EQ-5D visual analog scale (VAS) with Waist/height ratio in women and Reward dependence and Cooperativeness with Waist/height ratio in men. In regression analysis, the score of life events (SRRS) has statistically significant linked to Percentage of the visceral fat in women. The regression analysis also found a significant link between Novelty seeking, DS14, Negative affectivity, and EQ-5D VAS with Percentage of the visceral fat in women.
Conclusion: Significant associations between live events, personality traits, and body anthropometric measures were recognized. The differences were recognized between women and men. Outcomes propose some promising tools by which personality factors may influence overweight and obesity.
Keywords: life events, personality traits, anthropometric characteristics, overweight, quality of life, negative affectivity, sex differences
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