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Relation Between Aortic Stiffness Index and Distensibility with Age in Hypertensive Patients

Authors Nabati M, Namazi SS, Yazdani J, Sharif Nia H

Received 10 March 2020

Accepted for publication 15 May 2020

Published 11 June 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 297—303

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S253357

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Maryam Nabati,1 Seyed Shojaeddin Namazi,2 Jamshid Yazdani,3 Hamid Sharif Nia4

1Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran; 2Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran; 3Department of Biostatics, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran; 4Department of Nursing, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Correspondence: Seyed Shojaeddin Namazi
Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
Tel/Fax +98-11-33324002
Email Ssh.namazi@gmail.com

Background: Systolic and diastolic blood pressure is associated with physiologic changes of aortic wall and left ventricular structure. We aimed to evaluate aortic stiffness index and distensibility, global longitudinal strain (GLS), post systolic index (PSI) in hypertensive patients and compare these parameters with normotensive subjects.
Patients and Methods: Eighty-two patients (42 hypertensive compared with 40 normotensive subjects) with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and without significant coronary artery disease were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured by automated BP measurement system. Aortic stiffness index and distensibility, GLS and PSI were measured by transthoracic echocardiography and compared in both study groups.
Results: Aortic stiffness index (0.097 vs 0.069) and E/e´ (8.16 vs 6.56) were significantly higher in hypertensive patients, respectively (p< 0.05). Aortic distensibility (cm2/dyn) (0.28 vs 0.42) and e´ (cm/s) (8.25 vs 9.52) were significantly lower in hypertensive patients than normotensive subjects (p< 0.05). PSI and GLS were not significantly different between both study groups. Aortic stiffness index and distensibility had significant correlation with age in normotensive subjects while this correlation was not statistically significant in hypertensive patients.
Conclusion: Hypertension is associated with diastolic dysfunction and abnormal aortic wall compliance. Age-related aortic wall changes can present early in hypertensive patients.

Keywords: hypertension, myocardial strain, postsystolic shortening, echocardiography

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