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Regarding the descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty

Authors Han SB

Received 22 October 2017

Accepted for publication 30 October 2017

Published 19 December 2017 Volume 2018:14 Pages 11—13

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S154831

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

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Sang Beom Han

Department of Ophthalmology, Kangwon National University Hospital, Kangwon National University Graduate School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Republic of Korea

We read with great interest the article by Droutsas et al1 entitled “Isolated descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty – case report and technique.” The authors introduced an interesting case in which isolated descemetorhexis was first performed for the management of flat anterior chamber and extensive iridocorneal synechiae, and subsequently Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (EK) was successfully done for visual rehabilitation.1 This stepwise approach is expected to be helpful for restoration and maintenance of corneal clarity.1 The authors also employed an useful method of scoring of Descemet’s membrane by using a reverse Sinskey hook (D.O.R.C., Zuidland, the Netherlands) after filling the anterior chamber with air. As previous studies have suggested, Descemet’s membrane stripping under air, instead of viscoelastic material, can improve visualization, even in corneal opacity due to bullous keratopathy.2,3 We believe the technique was helpful for preventing damage to adjacent tissue and reducing postoperative inflammation.

 

Authors’ reply

K Droutsas,1,2 K Andreanos,1 A Lazaridis,2 I Georgalas,1 G Kymionis,1,3 D Papaconstantinou1

 

1First Department of Ophthalmology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2Ophthalmology Department, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 3Ophthalmology Department, Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland


We would like to thank Dr Han for the valuable comments on our article entitled “Isolated descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty – case report and technique.”

View the original paper by Droutsas and colleagues.

 

Dear editor

We read with great interest the article by Droutsas et al1 entitled “Isolated descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty – case report and technique.” The authors introduced an interesting case in which isolated descemetorhexis was first performed for the management of flat anterior chamber and extensive iridocorneal synechiae, and subsequently Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (EK) was successfully done for visual rehabilitation.1 This stepwise approach is expected to be helpful for restoration and maintenance of corneal clarity.1 The authors also employed an useful method of scoring of Descemet’s membrane by using a reverse Sinskey hook (D.O.R.C., Zuidland, the Netherlands) after filling the anterior chamber with air. As previous studies have suggested, Descemet’s membrane stripping under air, instead of viscoelastic material, can improve visualization, even in corneal opacity due to bullous keratopathy.2,3 We believe the technique was helpful for preventing damage to adjacent tissue and reducing postoperative inflammation.

In this case, EK appeared to be challenging due to shallow anterior chamber and anterior synechiae. Although the authors did perform excellent surgery, we would like to recommend that employment of an anterior chamber maintainer could be helpful.

The authors did a vitrectome-assisted membranectomy for restoration of a round and unoccluded pupil 1 month after the EK. Although the procedure might be simple and less invasive, there is a concern that repetitive intraocular surgery could lead to endothelial cell damage. We would like to suggest that noninvasive methods, such as lysis of the pupil-occluding membrane using Nd:YAG laser, can also be considered as alternatives.4

We would also like to point out that close monitoring of intraocular pressure is mandatory after the EK for prevention of endothelial cell damage and graft failure, especially because the patient has prior history of trabeculectomy and severe iridocorneal synechiae.

Disclosure

The author reports no conflicts of interest in this communication.


References

1.

Droutsas K, Andreanos K, Lazaridis A, Georgalas I, Kymionis G, Papaconstantinou D. Isolated descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty – case report and technique. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2017;13:1443–1447.

2.

Gabbay IE, Bahar I, Nahum Y, Livny E. Comparison of descemet stripping under continuous air flow, manual air injection and balanced salt solution for DMEK: a pilot study. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2017;255:1605–1611.

3.

Mehta JS, Hantera MM, Tan DT. Modified air-assisted descemetorhexis for descemet-stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008;34:889–891.

4.

Kim ES, Kim M, Lee SJ, Han SB, Yang HK, Hyon JY. Postoperative occlusion of visual axis with fibrous membrane in the presence of anterior capsular phimosis in a patient with pseudoexfoliation syndrome: a case report. BMC Ophthalmol. 2016;16:213.

Authors’ reply

K Droutsas,1,2 K Andreanos,1 A Lazaridis,2 I Georgalas,1 G Kymionis,1,3 D Papaconstantinou1

1First Department of Ophthalmology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2Ophthalmology Department, Philipps University Marburg, Marburg, Germany; 3Ophthalmology Department, Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Correspondence: K Andreanos, First Department of Ophthalmology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 22str Digeni E.O.K.A, Nea Penteli, Athens 15236, Greece, Tel +30 695 547 7921, Email [email protected]

Dear editor

We would like to thank Dr Han for the valuable comments on our article entitled “Isolated descemetorhexis for anterior synechiolysis prior to endothelial keratoplasty – case report and technique.”

We agree that the air-to-endothelium interface drastically improves visualization of Descemet’s membrane as pointed out in previous reports.1,2 However, due to the extent of central synechiae, an adequate anterior chamber depth could not be maintained by air until after removal of the majority of synechiae.

Concerning the use of an anterior chamber maintainer, we indeed routinely insert this device in Ultrathin-DSAEK procedures to facilitate atraumatic insertion of the endothelial lenticle with the Busin glide and forceps as described previously.3,4 This was not described in the present report in detail in order to emphasize on the synechiolysis technique. Apart from that, the anterior chamber depth had been fully restored before the DSAEK procedure.

Furthermore, we agree that Nd:YAG laser-assisted perforation of the pupillary membrane could have been applied instead of a vitrectome-assisted membranectomy. However, as we mention in the article, the iridocorneal tissue in the pupillary plane appeared to be stiff and thick. Therefore an Nd:YAG laser procedure did not seem adequate to provide the desired results. Moreover, in order to clear the visual axis from the iridocorneal remnants, a large amount of energy and number of laser spots would have been necessary. This could have caused severe inflammation in the eye jeopardizing the clarity of endothelial keratoplasty graft and the function of the filtering bleb.5 Finally, the described approach also offered a round pupil with restored motility.

Disclosure

The authors report no conflicts of interest in this communication.


References

1.

Droutsas K, Giallouros E, Melles GR, Chatzistefanou K, Sekundo W. Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty: learning curve of a single surgeon. Cornea. 2013;32(8):1075–1079.

2.

Dapena I, Moutsouris K, Droutsas K, Ham L, van Dijk K, Melles GR. Standardized “no-touch” technique for descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty. Arch Ophthalmol. 2011;129(1):88–94.

3.

Ciechanowski PP, Droutsas K, Baydoun L, Dirisamer M, Oellerich S, Melles GR. Standardized descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK): technique and latest results. Ophthalmologe. 2014;111(11):1041–1049.

4.

Droutsas K, Lazaridis A, Papaconstantinou D, et al. Visual outcomes after descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty versus Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty-comparison of specific matched pairs. Cornea. 2016;35(6):765–771.

5.

Diagourtas A, Petrou P, Georgalas I, et al. Bleb failure and intraocular pressure rise following Nd:Yag laser capsulotomy. BMC Ophthalmol. 2017;17(1):18.

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