Refractive and visual outcomes after Keraring intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation for keratoconus assisted by femtosecond laser at 6 months follow-up
Received 20 August 2016
Accepted for publication 29 October 2016
Published 23 December 2016 Volume 2017:11 Pages 81—86
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Mohamed A Heikal, Marwa Abdelshafy, Tarek T Soliman, Abdelmonem M Hamed
Department of Ophthalmology, Benha University, Banha, Egypt
Purpose: We attempted to evaluate the efficacy of femtosecond laser-assisted intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation in patients with keratoconus (KC).
Patients and methods: A retrospective interventional consecutive clinical study was conducted on patients with KC who were treated with femtosecond laser Keraring implantation. All procedures were performed at Ebsar Eye Center in the period from January 5, 2015, to February 28, 2016.
Results: Thirty eyes of 20 patients were included in this study. The mean age of patients was 27.43±3.57 years. Eleven patients (55%) were female and nine patients (45%) were male. Keraring segments were successfully implanted in all eyes. There were no complications or need for ring repositioning. The follow-up period was 6 months postoperatively. There was a significant improvement in the mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (LogMAR) of uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) after Keraring segment implantation from 1.5±0.23 preoperatively to 0.54±0.16 at 6 months postoperatively (P=0.001). The preoperative mean LogMAR of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.85±0.17. At 1 month postoperatively, it was 0.35±0.15; at 3 months postoperatively, it was 0.26±0.11, and at 6 months postoperatively, it was 0.14±0.07 (P=0.001). The mean preoperative maximum keratometric value for 3 mm pupil in diopters (K max) significantly decreased from 55.85±5.44 preoperatively (N=30) to 44.05±1.64 D at 6 months postoperatively (P=0.001). There was a statistically significant reduction in the mean preoperative spherical equivalent from –5.43±1.76 D preoperatively to –2.43±0.95 D at 6 months postoperatively. No statistically significant differences were detected between 1 and 3 months of follow-up regarding the visual and refractive outcomes.
Conclusion: Analysis of the outcomes after Keraring ICRS implantation showed a significant postoperative corneal flattening with a subsequent increase in UCVA and BCVA. Using the femtosecond laser for tunnel creation made the procedure easy and fast with an accurate precise depth of implantation and reduced the risk of operative and postoperative complications.
Keywords: femtosecond laser, K astigmatism Keraring, spherical error
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