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Reduction-responsive cross-linked stearyl peptide for effective delivery of plasmid DNA

Authors Yao C, Tai Z, Wang X, Liu J, Zhu Q, Wu X, Zhang L, Zhang W, Tian J, Gao Y, Gao S

Received 7 February 2015

Accepted for publication 16 March 2015

Published 8 May 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 3403—3416

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S82413

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Lei Yang

Chong Yao,1,* Zongguang Tai,1,* Xiaoyu Wang,1,* Jiyong Liu,1 Quangang Zhu,1,2 Xin Wu,3 Lijuan Zhang,1 Wei Zhang,4 Jing Tian,1 Yuan Gao,1 Shen Gao1

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 2Department of Pharmacy, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Shanghai First People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 4Department of Pharmaceutics, Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, Shanghai Tongji University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Low efficiency and significant toxicity are the main obstacles to successful gene delivery. We have developed a cationic reduction-responsive vector based on a disulfide cross-linked stearylated polyarginine peptide modified with histidine (C-SHR) for DNA delivery. The structure of the C-SHR was characterized, and the in vitro and in vivo transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity of C-SHR/plasmid DNA complexes were examined. Compared with non-cross-linked stearylated polyarginine peptide (SHR), C-SHR increased the intracellular uptake and dissociation behavior of the complexes. In addition, the gene transfection efficiency of C-SHR/plasmid DNA complexes in HEK293 and HeLa cells was improved and was comparable with that of bPEI-25K/plasmid DNA complexes, and the cytotoxicity of C-SHR was significantly less than that of bPEI-25K. Importantly, the in vivo gene transfection efficiency of C-SHR/plasmid DNA complexes was five fold higher than that of SHR/plasmid DNA complexes, suggesting that C-SHR is an efficient non-viral vector for DNA delivery.

Keywords: polyarginine, histidine, stearyl, reduction-responsive, peptide, DNA delivery

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