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Recovery from acute pediatric complex regional pain syndrome type I after ankle sprain by early pharmacological and physical therapies in primary care: a case report

Authors Takahashi Y, Tominaga T, Okawa K, Tanaka K

Received 6 February 2018

Accepted for publication 24 June 2018

Published 13 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 2859—2866

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S164708

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr E Alfonso Romero-Sandoval


Yuzuru Takahashi, Takuya Tominaga, Kohei Okawa, Kohei Tanaka

Sannoh Orthopedic Clinic, Pain Clinic and Rehabilitation for Musculoskeletal Disorders, Sannoh Hospital, Chiba, Japan

Background: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) in children is a serious condition disrupting the family and school life of patients with the condition after it fully develops. It has been emphasized that early diagnosis is closely associated with earlier reduction of pain leading to preferable outcomes.
Objectives: To report a case of acute CRPS I in a boy who was found to develop this condition by a routine visual analog scale (VAS) pain monitoring and who recovered from CRPS I at an early phase by prompt pharmacological, physical, and educational therapies.
Study design: Case report.
Case report: A 12-year-old boy sprained his left ankle while playing soccer and was referred to our clinic 4 days after the injury. At the first visit, he could walk, reporting motion pain with a VAS scale of 80 mm. On day 5, pain intensity increased to 100 mm, and a diagnosis of acute CRPS I was made. On day 7, he could not move the injured ankle; therefore celecoxib and pregabalin were administered, and physical and educational therapies started. On day 35, pain intensity was 0 mm and he could walk and run normally.
Conclusion: Routine monitoring of VAS for every patient in pain is useful to discover an abnormal transition of VAS, enabling the early diagnosis of CRPS I. Inflammation and peripheral or central sensitization are postulated for early development of CRPS I. The present case suggested a combination of physical therapy and pharmacological intervention with celecoxib and pregabalin reduced peripheral and central sensitization.

Keywords: pediatric complex regional pain syndrome type I, pediatric CRPS I, ankle sprain, visual analog scale, VAS, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, NSAID, pregabalin, physical treatment, educational therapy

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