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Recovery Experience: A Concept for Maintaining Quality of Life and Its Mediating Effect Among Female Nurses in China

Authors Yang F, Ding J, Ma R, Song W, Jia Y, Zhao J, Yang X

Received 20 May 2020

Accepted for publication 8 September 2020

Published 9 October 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 831—841

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S261666

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igor Elman


Fengzhi Yang,1,* Jialin Ding,1,* Ruqing Ma,1 Wenjie Song,2 Yajing Jia,1 Jinfeng Zhao,3 Xiaoshi Yang1

1Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province 110122, People’s Republic of China; 2Office of Clinical Quality Improvement, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19147, USA; 3Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Xiaoshi Yang
Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, China Medical University, No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province 110122, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86-18900910796
Fax +862431939406
Email xsyang@cmu.edu.cn

Purpose: Nurses are high-risk groups for job burnout, which affect their quality of life (QOL). Recovery experience, a conceptualization of positive psychological resources, can combat the negative impacts of job burnout on health and QOL. The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effect of recovery experience on the relationship between job burnout and QOL among female nurses in China.
Participants and Methods: QOL information was captured from 1068 female nurses from December 2017 to February 2018 in tertiary hospitals in Shenyang, Liaoning Province of China. A structural equation model was employed to examine the mediating effect of recovery experience on the relationship between job burnout and QOL.
Results: Job burnout had a significant impact on both the mental component summary and the physical component summary of a 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. However, mental component summary scores were significantly lower than physical component summary scores in female nurses. Recovery experience played a mediating role in the relationship between job burnout and QOL.
Conclusion: Job burnout could result in a reduction in QOL among Chinese female nurses. Recovery experience, as a mediating factor, could alleviate the impact of job burnout on QOL. Recovery experience should be strengthened to attenuate job burnout and enhance QOL.

Keywords: job burnout, quality of life, recovery experience, Chinese female nurses

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