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Reassessment of pneumatic retinopexy for primary treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Authors Cohen E, Zerach A, Mimouni M, Barak A

Received 30 June 2015

Accepted for publication 25 July 2015

Published 2 November 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 2033—2037

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S91486

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Yang Liu

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Eyal Cohen,1,* Amir Zerach,1,* Michael Mimouni,2 Adiel Barak1

1Department of Ophthalmology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Pneumatic retinopexy (PR) remains a popular technique for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).
Objective: To evaluate the single operation and final success rate of PR for primary treatment of RRD and to determine factors associated with anatomical and visual outcomes.
Methods: This retrospective case review study analyzed the data of patients who underwent PR for primary treatment of RRD. Patients with a follow-up period of <2 months were excluded. Single operation success was defined as successful retinal reattachment following a single PR throughout 2 months of follow-up.
Results: Eighty-four eyes met the inclusion criteria. Single operation success was achieved in 50 eyes (59.5%), while 82 obtained anatomical success at the final follow-up visit (97.6%). An average of 0.702±1.095 additional retinal detachment operations was necessary to achieve final anatomical success in the entire cohort (n=84) and 1.4±1.3 in the single operation failure group (n=34). Both groups (single operation success vs failure) did not differ significantly in any of the preoperative variables. Multivariate analysis of pseudophakic patients (n=22) revealed that 52.65% of the variation in single operation outcome was explained by the number of clock-hours detached (partial R2=43.76%, P=0.001). The final best-corrected visual acuity was significantly better in the single operation success group (logarithm of minimum angle [logMAR] 0.229±0.249 vs logMAR 0.747±0.567, P<0.001).
Conclusion: Careful patient selection is warranted before performing PR in RRD, particularly in pseudophakic patients with large detachments. Ultimately 60% of the cases will attach after the procedure with the rest requiring on average 1.4 additional procedures to achieve final anatomical success.

Keywords: pneumatic retinopexy, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

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