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Real-world evaluation of carboplatin plus a weekly dose of nab-paclitaxel for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer with interstitial lung disease

Authors Igawa S, Nishinarita N, Takakura A, Ozawa T, Harada S, Kusuhara S, Niwa H, Hosotani S, Sone H, Nakahara Y, Fukui T, Mitsufuji H, Yokoba M, Kubota M, Katagiri M, Sasaki J, Naoki K

Received 3 October 2018

Accepted for publication 29 November 2018

Published 14 December 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 7013—7019


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Chien-Feng Li

Satoshi Igawa,1 Noriko Nishinarita,1 Akira Takakura,1 Takahiro Ozawa,1 Shinya Harada,1 Seiichiro Kusuhara,1 Hideyuki Niwa,2 Shinji Hosotani,1 Hideyuki Sone,1 Yoshiro Nakahara,1,3 Tomoya Fukui,1 Hisashi Mitsufuji,4 Masanori Yokoba,5 Masaru Kubota,1 Masato Katagiri,5 Jiichiro Sasaki,6 Katsuhiko Naoki1

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara 252-0374, Kanagawa, Japan; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, National Hospital Organization Nagoya Medical Center, Nagoya 460-0001, Aichi, Japan; 3Department of Thoracic Oncology, Kanagawa Cancer Center, Yokohama 241-8515, Kanagawa, Japan; 4Kitasato University School of Nursing, Sagamihara 252-0329, Kanagawa, Japan; 5School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara 252-0373, Kanagawa, Japan; 6Research and Development Center for New Medical Frontiers, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara 252-0374, Kanagawa, Japan

Background: The optimal chemotherapy regimen for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) remains unknown. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the real-world efficacy and safety of carboplatin (CBDCA) plus nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) as a first-line regimen for NSCLC patients with ILD.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively reviewed advanced NSCLC patients with ILD who had received CBDCA plus nab-PTX as a first-line chemotherapy regimen between April 2013 and March 2018. Patients were diagnosed with ILD based on the findings of a pretreatment high-resolution computed tomography of the chest.
Results: The 34 patients enrolled in this study were included in the efficacy and safety analysis. Collagen vascular disease or a history of exposure to dust or asbestos was not reported for any patients. The median age of patients was 71 years (range, 59–83 years), and 32 patients had a performance status of 0 or 1. The overall response rate was 38.2%. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 5.8 months and 12.7 months, respectively. Chemotherapy-related acute exacerbation of ILD was observed in two patients (5.7%). Other toxicities were feasible, and no treatment-related deaths occurred.
Conclusion: CBDCA plus nab-PTX, as a first-line chemotherapy regimen for NSCLC, showed favorable efficacy and safety in patients with preexisting ILD.

Keywords: interstitial lung disease, non-small-cell lung cancer, carboplatin, nab-paclitaxel

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