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Rapidly Destructive Coxarthrosis as a Potential Side Effect of Crizotinib in a Patient with ROS1-Positive Lung Adenocarcinoma

Authors Takamori S, Seto T, Jinnouchi M, Oba T, Yamaguchi M, Takenoyama M

Received 4 September 2019

Accepted for publication 6 January 2020

Published 17 January 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 17—20


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Garry Walsh

Shinkichi Takamori, 1 Takashi Seto, 1 Mikako Jinnouchi, 2 Taro Oba, 1 Masafumi Yamaguchi, 1 Mitsuhiro Takenoyama 1

1Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka 811-1395, Japan; 2Department of Radiology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka 811-1395, Japan

Correspondence: Takashi Seto
Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center, 3-1-1 Notame, Minami-Ku, Fukuoka 811-1395, Japan
Tel +81 92 541 3231
Fax +81 92 551 4585

Abstract: A 75-year-old woman was diagnosed with c-ros oncogene 1 (ROS1)-positive lung adenocarcinoma. She was treated with crizotinib 750 mg/day for 4.5 years, with partial tumor response. However, the patient subsequently presented with right hip pain and difficulty in walking. She underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which detected T2 prolongation in the right femoral bone head, synovial fluid retention, and bone joint fissure narrowing. The patient was diagnosed with rapidly destructive coxarthrosis (RDC) and received a total hip arthroplasty. This represents a rare case of RDC as a potential side effect of crizotinib in a patient with ROS1-positive lung adenocarcinoma. MRI should therefore be recommended in patients receiving crizotinib who experience continuing severe hip pain and difficulty in walking. Further investigations are warranted to elucidate the pathogenesis of RDC associated with crizotinib treatment.

Keywords: non-small cell lung cancer, ROS1, crizotinib, rapidly destructive coxarthrosis

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