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Rapid Emergence of a Pandrug-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST11 Isolate in an Inpatient in a Teaching Hospital in China After Treatment with Multiple Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics

Authors Xu J, Zhao Z, Ge Y, He F

Received 22 December 2019

Accepted for publication 2 March 2020

Published 10 March 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 799—804


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eric Nulens

Juan Xu, 1,* Zhao Zhao, 2,* Yumei Ge, 2 Fang He 2

1Institute of Hygiene, Zhejiang Academy of Medical Sciences, Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310013, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang Provincial People’s Hospital, People’s Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Fang He Tel/Fax +86-571-8821-5596

Purpose: Pandrug-resistant K. pneumoniae is still rare in China, and the lack of studies limits our understanding of the emergence mechanism of pandrug-resistant K. pneumoniae. Here, we report the rapid emergence of a pandrug-resistant K. pneumoniae ST11 strain in an inpatient after treatment with multiple broad-spectrum antibiotics in China.
Patients and Methods: K. pneumoniae strain KP65 was isolated from a 55-year-old male patient hospitalized in the Department of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a teaching hospital in China. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was conducted according to the guidelines of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). The complete genome sequence of the strain was determined using the Illumina NovaSeq 6000 platform and long-read MinION sequencer. Genomic features and resistance mechanisms of the strain were comprehensively analysed using various bioinformatics approaches.
Results: K. pneumoniae strain KP65 was found to be resistant to all antibiotics tested, including beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, quinolones, tigecycline and colistin. Seven resistance genes were identified in the genome. The carbapenem-resistant gene blaKPC-2 and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing gene blaCTX-M-65 are located on the IncFII-type plasmid pKPC-2-KP65. No mcr genes were detected in the genome, but an IS 5 insertion element was found at position 117 of the mgrB gene. Regarding the rpsJ gene, single-base substitution, G169C, leading to the amino acid substitution V57L was also identified. According to in silico MLST analysis, K. pneumoniae KP65 belongs to sequence type ST11. The closest relative of K. pneumoniae KP65 is another ST11 K. pneumoniae strain, which was isolated from a bloodstream infection in Hangzhou, differing by only 53 cgMLST loci.
Conclusion: Under the selective pressure of antibiotics, the KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae ST11 strain can easily evolve pandrug resistance through chromosomal mutations. More attention is required to monitor the prevalence of the KPC-2-producing K. pneumoniae ST11 strain in China.

Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae, mgrB, rpsJ, ST11, blaKPC-2

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