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Randomized trial of pragmatic education for low-risk COPD patients: impact on hospitalizations and emergency department visits

Authors Siddique, Olson, Parenti, Rector TS, Caldwell, Dewan, Rice K

Received 17 July 2012

Accepted for publication 3 September 2012

Published 25 October 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 719—728


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Haamid H Siddique,1 Raymond H Olson,2 Connie M Parenti,2 Thomas S Rector,2 Michael Caldwell,3 Naresh A Dewan,3 Kathryn L Rice2

1University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics, Madison, WI; 2Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Health Care Center, Minneapolis, MN; 3Omaha Veterans Affairs Health Care Center, Omaha VA Nebraska-Western, Iowa Health Care System, Omaha, NE, USA

Background: Most interventions aimed at reducing hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have employed resource-intense programs in high-risk individuals. Although COPD is a progressive disease, little is known about the effectiveness of proactive interventions aimed at preventing hospitalizations and ED visits in the much larger population of low-risk (no known COPD-related hospitalizations or ED visits in the prior year) patients, some of whom will eventually become high-risk.
Methods: We tested the effect of a simple educational and self-efficacy intervention (n = 2243) versus usual care (n = 2182) on COPD/breathing-related ED visits and hospitalizations in a randomized study of low-risk patients at three Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers in the upper Midwest. Administrative data was used to track VA admissions and ED visits. A patient survey was used to determine health-related events outside the VA.
Results: Rates of COPD-related VA hospitalizations in the education and usual care group were not significantly different (3.4 versus 3.6 admissions per 100 person-years, respectively; 95% CI of difference -1.3 to 1.0, P = 0.77). The much higher patient-reported rates of non-VA hospitalizations for breathing-related problems were lower in the education group (14.0 versus 19.0 per 100 person-years; 95% CI -8.6 to -1.4, P = 0.006). Rates of COPD-related VA ED visits were not significantly different (6.8 versus 5.3; 95% CI -0.1 to 3.0, P = 0.07), nor were non-VA ED visits (32.4 versus 36.5; 95% CI -9.3 to 1.1, P = 0.12). All-cause VA admission and ED rates did not differ. Mortality rates (6.9 versus 8.3 per 100 person-years, respectively; 95% CI -3.0 to 0.4, P = 0.13) did not differ.
Conclusion: An educational intervention that is practical for large numbers of low-risk patients with COPD may reduce the rate of breathing-related hospitalizations. Further research that more closely tracks hospitalizations to non-VA facilities is needed to confirm this finding.

Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, education, disease management, self-efficacy

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