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Radiotherapy-Activated Hafnium Oxide Nanoparticles Produce Abscopal Effect in a Mouse Colorectal Cancer Model

Authors Zhang P, Darmon A, Marill J, Mohamed Anesary N, Paris S

Received 19 February 2020

Accepted for publication 21 April 2020

Published 29 May 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 3843—3850

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S250490

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Anderson Oliveira Lobo


Ping Zhang,* Audrey Darmon,* Julie Marill, Naeemunnisa Mohamed Anesary, Sébastien Paris

Nanobiotix, Paris, France

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Sébastien Paris
Email sebastien.paris@nanobiotix.com

Purpose: Despite tremendous results achieved by immune checkpoint inhibitors, most patients are not responders, mainly because of the lack of a pre-existing anti-tumor immune response. Thus, solutions to efficiently prime this immune response are currently under intensive investigations. Radiotherapy elicits cancer cell death, generating an antitumor-specific T cell response, turning tumors in personalized in situ vaccines, with potentially systemic effects (abscopal effect). Nonetheless, clinical evidence of sustained anti-tumor immunity as abscopal effect are rare.
Methods: Hafnium oxide nanoparticles (NBTXR3) have been designed to increase energy dose deposit within cancer cells. We examined the effect of radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 on anti-tumor immune response activation and abscopal effect production using a mouse colorectal cancer model.
Results: We demonstrate that radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 kill more cancer cells than radiotherapy alone, significantly increase immune cell infiltrates both in treated and in untreated distant tumors, generating an abscopal effect dependent on CD8+ lymphocyte T cells.
Conclusion: These data show that radiotherapy-activated NBTXR3 could increase local and distant tumor control through immune system priming. Our results may have important implications for immunotherapeutic agent combination with radiotherapy.

Keywords: CD8+ T cells, antitumor immune response, TILs, NBTXR3, radioenhancer

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