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Quetiapine monotherapy versus placebo in the treatment of children and adolescents with bipolar depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Maneeton B, Putthisri S, Maneeton N, Woottiluk P, Suttajit S, Charnsil C, Srisurapanont M

Received 4 September 2016

Accepted for publication 24 January 2017

Published 4 April 2017 Volume 2017:13 Pages 1023—1032

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S121517

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Wai Kwong Tang


Benchalak Maneeton,1 Suwannee Putthisri,2 Narong Maneeton,1 Pakapan Woottiluk,3 Sirijit Suttajit,1 Chawanun Charnsil,1 Manit Srisurapanont1

1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 2Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 3Psychiatric Nursing Division, Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Background:
Some studies have indicated the efficacy of quetiapine in the treatment of bipolar depression in adult patients. However, its efficacy has been not shown in child and adolescent patients.
Objective: This systematic review purposefully determined the efficacy and acceptability of quetiapine in the treatment of children and adolescents with bipolar depression.
Data sources: A database search of EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane Controlled Trials Register was carried out in March 2016. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of bipolar depression in children and adolescents were considered for inclusion in this review.
Study eligibility criteria, participants, and interventions: RCTs of quetiapine in the treatment of child and adolescent patients with bipolar depression with end point outcomes were included in this study. Languages were not limited.
Study appraisal and synthesis methods: The full-text versions of relevant clinical studies were thoroughly examined and extracted. The primary efficacy of outcome was measured by using the pooled mean-changed scores of the rating scales for bipolar depression. However, the response and remission rates were also measured.
Results: A total of 251 randomized patients in the three RCTs of quetiapine versus placebo in the treatment of bipolar depression for children and adolescents were eligible in this review. The pooled mean-changed score of the quetiapine-treated group was not greater than that of the placebo-treated group. Similarly, the pooled response and remission rates were not different between the two groups. The pooled overall discontinuation rate and the discontinuation rate due to adverse events were not different between the two groups.
Limitations: Limited studies were eligible in this review.
Conclusion: According to the findings in this review, quetiapine may not be efficacious in the treatment of bipolar depression in children and adolescents. Its acceptability, however, was comparable to a placebo. Therefore, the use of quetiapine in children and adolescents with bipolar depression is not recommended. Further well-defined clinical studies should be performed to confirm these outcomes.

Keywords: monotherapy, depressive episodes, pharmacological treatment, Children’s Depression Rating Scale–Revised, CDRS-R

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