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Quality of life of young Chinese breast cancer patients after adjuvant chemotherapy

Authors Yeo W, Mo FKF, Pang E, Suen JJS, Koh J, Yip CHW, Yip CCH, Li L, Loong HHF, Liem GS

Received 25 August 2017

Accepted for publication 21 November 2017

Published 22 February 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 383—389


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Lu-Zhe Sun

Winnie Yeo,1,2 Frankie KF Mo,1,2 Elizabeth Pang,1,2 Joyce JS Suen,1 Jane Koh,1,2 Claudia HW Yip,1 Christopher CH Yip,1 Leung Li,1 Herbert HF Loong,1,2 Giok S Liem1

1Department of Clinical Oncology, Sir YK Pao Centre for Cancer, Prince of Wales Hospital, 2Hong Kong Cancer Institute, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong

Introduction: Understanding of quality of life (QoL) of young Chinese breast cancer patients after adjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy is limited. This study aims to assess the QoL of premenopausal Chinese breast cancer women after receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.
Patients and methods: Eligibility criteria included stage I–III breast cancer, premenopausal and age ≤45 years at cancer diagnosis and having received adjuvant chemotherapy within 3–10 years before entry to the present study. Patients’ background demographics at the time of breast cancer diagnosis, together with tumor characteristics and anticancer treatments, were collected. At the time of study entry, the menopausal status based on menstrual history, body mass index, and QoL (assessed using Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast +4) were recorded.
Results: Two hundred and eighty patients were recruited. Ninety-five patients (33.9%) underwent breast-conserving surgery, and nearly all (98.6%) underwent axillary dissection. For adjuvant therapies, 249 patients (88.9%) received anthracycline-containing chemotherapy and 79 (28.2%) received taxane-containing chemotherapy, while 68 (24.3%) received both. One hundred and eighty six patients (66.4%) received adjuvant radiotherapy, and 214 (76.4%) received adjuvant tamoxifen. The median time from breast cancer diagnosis to study entry was 5.01 years. QoL assessment at study entry revealed that older patients had worse social well-being (SWB; mean scores for age ≤40, 41–45, 46–50 and >50 years were 22.0, 19.3, 19.1 and 18.1, respectively, P=0.0442). Patients who underwent axillary dissection had worse scores for breast cancer subscale (BCS; mean score 22.2 vs. 28.3, P=0.0212). Patients who underwent taxane-containing chemotherapy had worse scores for arm subscale (mean score 13.8 vs. 15.3, P=0.0053).
Conclusion: At a median follow-up of 5 years post-diagnosis, patients who were younger had fewer disturbances in their SWB. Patients who had axillary dissection had worse BCS scores, while those who received taxane had worse scores for arm subscale. Further studies are warranted for breast-specific QoL to address the specific issues encountered by breast cancer patients.

Keywords: cytotoxic, QoL, FACT-B+4, cancer survivors breast, premenopausal

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