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Quality of life and cosmetic result of single-port access endoscopic thyroidectomy via axillary approach in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma

Authors Huang J, Ma L, Song W, Lu B, Huang Y, Dong H

Received 6 November 2015

Accepted for publication 29 January 2016

Published 4 July 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 4053—4059

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S99980

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Ram Prasad

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li


Jian-kang Huang,1 Ling Ma,2 Wen-hua Song,1 Bang-yu Lu,3 Yu-bin Huang,3 Hui-ming Dong1

1Department of Surgical Oncology, 2Department of Gynecologic Tumor, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui, 3Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China

Background: Endoscopic thyroidectomy for minimally invasive thyroid surgery has been widely applied in the past decade. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy on the postoperative outcomes and functional parameters, including quality of life and cosmetic result in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).
Patients and methods: Seventy-five patients with PTC who underwent endoscopic thyroidectomy via a single-port access transaxillary approach were included (experimental group). A total of 123 patients with PTC who were subjected to conventional open total thyroidectomy served as the control group. The health-related quality of life and cosmetic and satisfaction outcomes were assessed postoperatively.
Results: The mean operation time was significantly increased in the experimental group. The physiological functions and social functions in the two groups were remarkably augmented after 6 months of surgery. However, there was no significant difference in the scores of speech and taste between the two groups at the indicated time of 1 month and 6 months. In addition, the scores for appearance, satisfaction with appearance, role-physical, bodily pain, and general health in the experimental group were better than those in the control group at 1 month and 6 months after surgery.
Conclusion: The single-port access transaxillary totally endoscopic thyroidectomy is safe and feasible for the treatment of patients with PTC. The subjects who underwent this technique have a good perception of their general state of health and are likely to participate in social activities. It is worthy of being clinically used for patients with PTC.

Keywords: total thyroidectomy, transaxillary approach, papillary thyroid carcinoma, quality of life

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