Quality of Life Among Breast Cancer Patients Attending Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital Cancer Treatment Center
Received 1 March 2020
Accepted for publication 15 May 2020
Published 30 June 2020 Volume 2020:12 Pages 87—95
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Pranela Rameshwar
Dubale Dulla Koboto,1 Bedilu Deribe,2 Achamyelesh Gebretsadik,3 Girma Ababi,4 Netsanet Bogale,4 Dereje Geleta,3 Lalisa Gemechu,5 Kurabachew Mengistu4
1Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia; 2School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia; 3School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia; 4Fuculty of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia; 5Department of Environmental Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Dubale Dulla Koboto
Hawassa University, CMHS, Department of Midwifery, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia
Background: Breast cancer affects the overall quality of life (QOL) among its survivors. Limited evidence is available about the QOL among cases. Therefore, this study was intended to assess the quality of life of breast cancer patients attending the cancer treatment center at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, southern Ethiopia.
Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted among breast cancer patients attending cancer treatment at the Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital between April and June, 2019. All breast cancer patients attending treatment the center were included in the study by universal sampling. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire containing demographic data, patient clinical factors and Quality of Life Instrument (WHOQOL)-BREF version 3.0. The collected data were entered into EpiData software version 3.1 and analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0. Descriptive statistics were presented in tables.
Results: A total of 259 respondents with a mean age of (SD) 44.89 (12.56) participated in study. The mean score of overall global health scale was 75.3 (SD± 17.1) with the mean health satisfaction was 12.43 (SD± 3.98). The highest mean score was observed in environmental domain, 93.31 (SD± 19.76), despite social domain being very low, 36.69 (SD± 7.62). Most of the participants were highly satisfied with the health care service that was provided, with a mean score of 16.1 (SD± 3.1). In contrast, the majority of study participants were disappointed with the need for any medical treatment, body appearance, luxurious activities, and sexual life, with mean scores of 8.93 (SD± 3.68), 8.74 (SD± 4.26), 9.1 (SD± 4.22), and 8.1 (SD± 4.14), respectively.
Conclusion: Breast cancer patients in southern Ethiopia suffered from poor social and psychological support that, in turn, highly affected their life value. Therefore, due attention should be given to enhance social and psychological support for breast cancer patients as a whole.
Keywords: breast cancer, quality of life, domains of QOL, Hawassa
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