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Pyogenic Liver Abscess and Endogenous Endophthalmitis Due to K64-ST1764 Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae: A Case Report

Authors Zhao B, Hu R, Gong L, Wang X, Zhu Y, Wu G

Received 28 October 2020

Accepted for publication 9 December 2020

Published 12 January 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 71—77

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S289088

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Suresh Antony


Bo Zhao,1,* Renjing Hu,2,* Lei Gong,1 Xiaoyun Wang,1 Yingwei Zhu,1 Gaojue Wu1

1Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Wuxi Second People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Affiliated Wuxi Second People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Xiaoyun Wang
Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Wuxi Second People’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 15061857125
Fax +86 510 685662052
Email xiaoyunwang68@aliyun.com

Rationale: Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae, KP) are divided into two types: classic K. pneumoniae (cKP) and hypervirulent K. pneumoniae (hvKP). hvKP causes liver abscess and metastatic infection. Here, we report one case with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) and endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) due to a relatively rarely reported serotype of K. pneumoniae in China.
Patient Concerns: An 80-year old man presented with nausea, vomiting, and epigastric discomfort for 2 weeks.
Diagnoses: PLA was identified by CT scan and abdominal ultrasound. Urgent ophthalmologic consultation was performed. B-scan ocular ultrasound was done and he was diagnosed as EE.
Interventions: Antibiotic treatment, intravitreal injection of eyes and eye drops were given. Percutaneous needle aspiration, evisceration, and drainage of the right eye were performed.
Outcomes: Cultures of the blood, the aspirated pus from the liver abscess, and the contents of the eyeball all yielded K. pneumoniae with a positive string test. The capsular serotype was K64. According to the existence of multiple virulence genes and the severe invasive clinical manifestation, this strain is regarded as a hvKp strain. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed the sequence type (ST) of this strain was K64-ST1764. Antimicrobial resistance genes, blaNDM-1 and blaKPC-2, were not detected in the genome. The patient lost his eyesight but his symptoms subsided. During 15 months follow-up, the result was satisfactory.
Lessons: Here, we report one case with PLA due to a relatively rarely reported serotype of K. pneumoniae in China. This K64 K. pneumoniae strain is confirmed as hvKp by multiple methods. It is noteworthy that the sequence type is K64-ST1764 instead of the commonest ST11. Moreover, this strain is not considered a K. pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) or a carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) as it is usually. Further follow-up and research are required to investigate this strain.

Keywords: case report, hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae, pyogenic liver abscess, antibiotic resistance, ultrasonography guided puncture aspiration

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