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Psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia: are some symptoms or demographic characteristics predictors across the functioning domains?

Authors Suttajit S, Arunpongpaisal S, Srisurapanont M, Thavichachart N, Kongsakon R, Chantakarn S, Chantarasak V, Jariyavilas A, Jaroensook P, Kittiwattanagul K, Nerapusee O

Received 6 May 2015

Accepted for publication 22 June 2015

Published 29 September 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 2471—2477

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S88085

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Xiang Mou

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Wai Kwong Tang

Sirijit Suttajit,1 Suwanna Arunpongpaisal,2 Manit Srisurapanont,1 Nuntika Thavichachart,3 Ronnachai Kongsakon,4 Sunanta Chantakarn,5 Vasu Chantarasak,6 Apichat Jariyavilas,7 Piyadit Jaroensook,8 Khanogwan Kittiwattanagul,9 Osot Nerapusee10

1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 2Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 3Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 4Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, 5Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, 6Somdetchaopraya Institute of Psychiatry, Bangkok, 7Srithanya Hospital, Bangkok, 8Prasrimahabhodhi Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani, 9Khon Kaen Rajanagarindra Psychiatric Hospital, Khon Kaen, 10Medical Affairs, Janssen-Cilag, Bangkok, Thailand

Abstract: This study aimed to examine symptoms/demographic characteristics as predictors for psychosocial functioning among individuals with schizophrenia. The Personal and Social Performance (PSP) scale was used to assess psychosocial functioning. Other measures of interest included were the Clinical Global Impression, Severity scale, and the Marder’s five-factor model of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. This study included 199 participants with non-acute stage schizophrenia. Spearman correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were applied to determine the correlates and predictors of PSP domain/total scores. Younger age, earlier age of schizophrenia onset, severe illness, positive symptoms, negative symptoms, disorganized thought, hostility/excitement, and anxiety/depression were found to significantly correlate with poor functioning. Severe illness and negative symptoms are the main predictors of greater impairment of socially useful activities, personal and social relationships, and self-care. Further prospective studies in other settings, which would include an increased number of variables such as neurocognitive function and social support, are warranted.

Keywords: age, association, correlation, excitement, hostility, negative symptoms, severity
 

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