Psychometric analysis of the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care Inventory-Revised version questionnaire
Received 21 June 2013
Accepted for publication 6 August 2013
Published 2 October 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 997—1005
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Margarida Jansà,1 Mercè Vidal,1 Marga Giménez,1 Ignacio Conget,1 Mercedes Galindo,2 Daria Roca,1 Cristina Colungo,3 Enric Esmatjes,1 Manel Salamero4
1Diabetes Unit, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, 2Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Hospital Clinico, Madrid, 3Primary Care Centre, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, 4Psychology Department, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain
Background: The purpose of this study was to validate the Spanish and Catalan versions of the Diabetes Self-Care Inventory-Revised Version (SCI-R) questionnaire to assess the degree of adherence to self-care among adults with diabetes.
Methods: We validated the Spanish and Catalan translation from, and back translation to, English and cultural adaptation of the SCI-R in type 1 diabetes patients on multiple insulin doses or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion and in type 2 diabetes patients on oral agents and/or insulin. Internal reliability, structural validity, and external validity (correlation with glycated hemoglobin) were evaluated. Responsiveness to change was assessed in patients 1 year after onset of type 1 diabetes and following a structured education program.
Results: The SCI-R presented good internal reliability Cronbach's α: 0.75, test-retest reliability (r = 0.82) and structural validity (r > 0.40). The external validity was also good; the SCI-R correlated with HbA1c in patients with type 1 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = -0.50) or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (r = -0.66) and in patients with type 2 diabetes on multiple insulin doses (r = -0.62). However, it was not satisfactory in patients on oral agents (r = -0.20) and/or bedtime insulin (r = -0.35). Responsiveness to change was analyzed in 54 patients (age 27.3±7.4 years, 26% men, HbA1c 6.8% ±1.1%); the SCI-R score was 72.3% ±13.7% and correlated negatively with glycated hemoglobin (r = -0.42) and 3 scales of the Diabetes Quality of Life questionnaire (lower score indicating better perception): Impact (r = -0.37), Social Worry (r = -0.36) and Diabetes Worry (r = -0.38), all at P < 0.05.
Conclusion: The Spanish and Catalan versions of the SCI-R questionnaire show good psychometric properties and both could be considered as useful tools for evaluating self-care behavior in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. However, there are still some subgroups of patients with type 2 diabetes in which the validity of this questionnaire needs further evaluation.
Keywords: diabetes, self-care, questionnaire, adherence, validation, patient education
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