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Psychological Status and Correlated Factors of Primary Medical Staff During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Hefei City, China

Authors Wang S, Gao RC, Li R, Wu GC

Received 4 January 2021

Accepted for publication 11 March 2021

Published 31 March 2021 Volume 2021:14 Pages 751—756

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S289336

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Song Wang,1,* Rui-Chen Gao,2,* Rui Li,3,* Guo-Cui Wu1

1Lianhua Community Health Service Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Nursing, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Hospital Infection Management, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Guo-Cui Wu
School of Nursing, Anhui Medical University, 15 Feicui Road, Hefei, 230601, Anhui, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]

Objective: To investigate the mental illness and correlated factors of primary medical staff during the COVID-19 outbreak in Hefei city, China.
Methods: A total of 180 primary medical staff were randomly selected from seven community hospitals in Hefei Economic and Technological Development Zone as a study group. One hundred and eighty-two health people were recruited as the control group. The self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Psychological questionnaire of public health emergencies were distributed to them for evaluation.
Results: The score of SAS, SDS in study group was higher than that in control group [(35.57± 10.39) vs (31.31± 7.98); (44.16± 8.46) vs (41.47± 9.47)] (t=4.371, P< 0.001; t=2.849, P=0.005). The fear subscale and total score in the psychological questionnaire of sudden public health events were negatively correlated with age (r=− 0.216, P=0.004; r=− 0.154, P=0.039). Marriage was negatively correlated with depression subscales in psychological questionnaires of SAS, SDS and sudden public health events (r=− 0.184, P=0.013; r=− 0.298, P< 0.001; r=− 0.161, P=0.031; r=− 0.147, P=0.049). Education level was positively correlated with the total score of a psychological questionnaire for sudden public health events (r=0.151, P=0.043); Logistic regression analysis showed that marital status was a protective factor of psychological abnormality.
Conclusion: It is necessary to pay attention to the psychological status of primary medical staff, especially the young unmarried medical staff.

Keywords: novel coronavirus pneumonia, doctor, nurse, anxiety, depressed

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