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Pseudoexfoliation syndrome at a Singapore eye clinic

Authors Lee J, Wong EP, Ho SL

Received 22 April 2015

Accepted for publication 9 June 2015

Published 3 September 2015 Volume 2015:9 Pages 1619—1624

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S87155

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Jason Kian Seng Lee, Elizabeth Poh Ying Wong, Su Ling Ho

National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographics of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF) and pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXG) in a Singapore hospital eye outpatient clinic.
Methods: A retrospective study of 93 consecutive patients (146 eyes) with PXF was undertaken by a single ophthalmologist over a period of 37 months (July 1, 2006, to July 31, 2009).
Results: Ninety-three (2.8%) of 3,297 patients seen during the study period were diagnosed with PXF. Forty-three (46.2%) of the 93 PXF patients were male. Indians were 5.04 times more likely to develop PXF than Chinese (P<0.001, 95% confidence interval 3.05–8.33), while Malays were 2.22 times more likely to develop PXF as compared with Chinese (P=0.029, 95% CI 1.08–4.55). Twenty-two (23.7%) of the 93 PXF patients had PXG at the time of diagnosis. There was no statistically significant difference in mean age between PXF and PXG patients. There was a larger proportion of males with PXG than females (P<0.001).
Conclusion: PXF is not infrequent in elderly Singapore eye clinic patients, and is more likely to occur in Indians than in Chinese. In the Singapore eye clinic setting, males may be more likely to develop PXG, although larger studies will be required to confirm this.

Keywords:
exfoliation syndrome, pseudoexfoliation syndrome, exfoliation glaucoma, glaucoma capsulare

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