Promoting tendon to bone integration using graphene oxide-doped electrospun poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanofibrous membrane
Authors Su W, Wang Z, Jiang J, Liu X, Zhao J, Zhang Z
Received 14 August 2018
Accepted for publication 8 February 2019
Published 11 March 2019 Volume 2019:14 Pages 1835—1847
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Thomas J. Webster
Wei Su,1 Zhiying Wang,2 Jia Jiang,1 Xiaoyun Liu,2 Jinzhong Zhao,1 Zhijun Zhang2
1Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China; 2Suzhou Key Laboratory of Nano-Bio Interface, Division of Nanobiomedicine, Suzhou Institute of Nano-Tech and Nano-Bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou, Jiang Su, China
Background: These normal entheses are not reestablished after repair despite significant advances in surgical techniques. There is a significant need to develop integrative biomaterials, facilitating functional tendon-to-bone integration.
Materials and methods: We fabricated a highly interconnective graphene oxide-doped electrospun poly(lactide-co-glycolide acid) (GO-PLGA) nanofibrous membrane by electrospinning technique and evaluated them using in vitro cell assays. Then, we established rabbit models, the PLGA and GO-PLGA nanofibrous membranes were used to augment the rotator cuff repairs. The animals were killed postoperatively, which was followed by micro-computed tomography, histological and biomechanical evaluation.
Results: GO was easily mixed into PLGA filament without changing the three dimensional microstructure. An in vitro evaluation demonstrated that the PLGA membranes incorporated with GO accelerated the proliferation of BMSCs and furthered the Osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. In addition, an in vivo assessment further revealed that the local application of GO-PLGA membrane to the gap between the tendon and the bone in a rabbit model promoted the healing enthesis, increased new bone and cartilage generation, and improved collagen arrangement and biomechanical properties in comparison with repair with PLGA only.
Conclusion: The electrospun GO-PLGA fibrous membrane provides an effective approach for the regeneration of tendon to bone enthesis.
Keywords: enthesis, osteogenic material, cartilage, collagen arrangement, rabbit model