Prognostic value of serum alkaline phosphatase in the survival of prostate cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis
Received 15 May 2018
Accepted for publication 22 June 2018
Published 30 August 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 3125—3139
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo
Dongyang Li,1,* Hang Lv,2,* Xuanyu Hao,3 Bin Hu,2 Yongsheng Song1
1Department of Urology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110004, P.R. China; 2Department of Urology, Liaoning Cancer Hospital & Institute, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110042, P.R. China; 3Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110022, P.R. China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Background: Many studies have evaluated the relationship between alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and the prognosis for prostate cancer (PCa). But they have not reached a widespread consensus yet. Therefore, we completed a meta-analysis to ascertain the significance of ALP and the prognosis for PCa.
Methods: A literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases. HRs concerning overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were extracted to evaluate the impacts of ALP on the prognosis for PCa. Subgroup analyses were conducted on different study types, regions, sample sizes, and cutoff values. Sensitivity analysis was performed by removing one study in sequence.
Results: A total of 63 studies from 54 articles with 16,135 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results indicated that high baseline ALP was associated with obviously poor OS (HR=1.74, 95% CI: 1.47–2.06) and PFS (HR=1.60, 95% CI: 1.13–2.26) in patients with PCa. The pooled HR for bone-specific ALP and OS was 1.76 (95% CI: 1.45–2.15). However, no association between ALP and CSS (HR=1.002, 95% CI: 0.998–1.005) was found for PCa. The results of subgroup analyses were all in accordance with the main findings. Sensitivity analysis suggested that no single study could affect the stability of the results.
Conclusion: High serum ALP is significantly associated with poor OS and PFS except for CSS in PCa. ALP is an efficient and convenient biomarker for PCa prognosis.
Keywords: prostate cancer, alkaline phosphatase, prognosis, survival, meta-analysis
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