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Prognostic Role of NT-proBNP for in-Hospital and 1-Year Mortality in Patients with Acute Exacerbations of COPD

Authors Li H, Zeng Z, Cheng J, Hu G, Li Y, Wei L, Zhou Y, Ran P

Received 20 September 2019

Accepted for publication 10 December 2019

Published 8 January 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 57—67

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S231808

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Prof. Dr. Chunxue Bai


Haiqing Li,1 Zixiong Zeng,1 Juan Cheng,1 Guoping Hu,1 Yuqun Li,1 Liping Wei,1 Yumin Zhou,2 Pixin Ran2

1Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China; 2Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Guoping Hu
Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China
Tel +86 20-81292146
Email hgpgz@126.com
Pixin Ran
Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, 151 Yanjiang Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, People’s Republic of China
Tel/Fax +86 20-81340482
Email pxran@gzhmu.edu.cn

Background and objective: The association between N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations and in-hospital and 1-year mortality in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) patients is largely unknown. Our objective was to explore the usefulness of NT-proBNP concentrations in AECOPD patients as a prognostic marker for in-hospital and 1-year mortality.
Methods: NT-proBNP levels were measured in patients upon admission and laboratory and clinical data were also recorded. The cut-point for the NT-proBNP concentration level for in-hospital death was obtained using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression were used in the analyses of factors of in-hospital and 1-year mortality.
Results: A total of 429 patients were enrolled. Twenty-nine patients died during hospitalization and 59 patients died during the 1-year follow-up. Patients who died in-hospital compared with those in-hospital survivors were older (80.14±6.56 vs 75.93±9.45 years, p=0.003), had a higher percentage of congestive heart failure (65.52% vs 33.75%, p<0.001), had higher NT-proBNP levels (5767.00 (1372.50–12,887.00) vs 236.25 (80.03–1074.75) ng/L, p<0.001), higher neutrophil counts (10.52±5.82 vs 7.70±4.31, p=0.016), higher D-dimer levels (1231.62±1921.29 vs 490.11±830.19, p=0.048), higher blood urea nitrogen levels (9.91±6.33 vs 6.51±4.01 mmol/L, p=0.001), a lower body mass index (19.49±3.57 vs 22.19±4.76, p=0.003), and higher hemoglobin levels (122.34±25.36 vs 130.57±19.63, p=0.034). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for NT-proBNP concentration was 0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.84–0.93). NT-proBNP concentrations ≥551.35 ng/L were an independent prognostic factor for both in-hospital and 1-year mortality after adjustment for relative risk (RR) (RR=29.54, 95% CI 3.04–286.63, p=0.004 for the multivariate logistic regression analysis) and hazard ratio (HR) (HR=4.47, 95% CI, 2.38–8.41, p <0.001 for the multivariate cox regression analysis).
Conclusion: NT-proBNP was a strong and independent predictor of in-hospital and 1-year mortality in AECOPD patients.

Keywords: AECOPD, NT-proBNP, mortality, prognosis


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