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Prognostic and clinicopathological significance of Gankyrin overexpression in cancers: evidence from a meta-analysis

Authors Zhao X, Liu F, Zhang Y, Li P

Received 2 December 2015

Accepted for publication 18 February 2016

Published 4 April 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 1961—1968

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S101687

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Manfred Beleut

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li


Xiaotong Zhao,1,* Fangzhou Liu,2,* Yuan Zhang,2 Peihua Li1

1Department of Otolaryngology, Affiliated Hospital of XuZhou Medical College, Xuzhou, 2Department of Otolaryngology, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Many studies have indicated that Gankyrin is a promising and novel prognostic tumor biomarker. However, the results of different studies remained controversial. Hence, a meta-analysis was undertaken to investigate the association between Gankyrin expression and cancer prognosis. Eligible studies were identified by searching the electronic databases PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library up to November 2015. Prognostic value of Gankyrin expression was evaluated by hazard ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI). Meanwhile, relative risk (RR) with 95% CI was used to assess the effects of Gankyrin expression on clinicopathological parameters. In total, ten studies with 1,326 patients were included for final analysis. A significant association was found between Gankyrin overexpression and poorer overall survival in patients with cancer (hazard ratio =1.73, 95% CI: 1.29–2.31, P=0.000). In the subgroup analysis, the association was also detected in Chinese patients and patients with cancers of the digestive system. The pooled RR indicated that Gankyrin overexpression was related to advanced tumor–node–metastasis stage (RR =0.72, 95% CI: 0.60–0.86, P=0.000), positive lymph node metastasis (RR =1.66, 95% CI: 1.41–1.94, P=0.000), and distant metastasis (RR =1.43, 95% CI: 1.20–1.70, P<0.000). The meta-analysis demonstrated that Gankyrin is a novel biomarker for predicting cancers, especially digestive system cancers, and is more suitable for predicting cancer prognoses in Asians.

Keywords: Gankyrin, cancer, prognosis, meta-analysis

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