Profile of vildagliptin in type 2 diabetes: efficacy, safety, and patient acceptability
CY Pan,1 XL Wang2
1Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 2Medical Affairs Department, Beijing Novartis Pharma Co, Ltd, Beijing, People's Republic of China
Abstract: Vildagliptin is a selective and potent dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor that improves glycemic control by inhibiting the degradation of both endogenous glucagon-like peptide-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide. This article is a comprehensive review of the safety and efficacy of vildagliptin in patients with type 2 diabetes. Clinical evidence has proven that it effectively decreases hemoglobin A1c with a low risk of hypoglycemia and is weight neutral. The addition of vildagliptin to metformin improves glucose control and significantly reduces gastrointestinal adverse events, particularly in patients inadequately controlled with metformin monotherapy. Its long-term advantages include preservation of β-cell function, reduction in total cholesterol, decrease in fasting lipolysis in adipose tissue, and triglyceride storage in non-fat tissues. Vildagliptin is well tolerated with a low incidence of AEs, and it does not increase the risk of cardiovascular/cerebrovascular (CCV) events. It can be taken before or after meals, and has little drug interaction, thus it will be well accepted.
Keywords: dipeptidyl peptidase-4, incretin hormones, vildagliptin, efficacy, safety, patient acceptability
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