Back to Journals » Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management » Volume 7

Profile of ciclesonide for the maintenance treatment of asthma

Authors Singas E, Karpel JP

Published 19 August 2011 Volume 2011:7 Pages 351—358

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/TCRM.S5433

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Effie Singas1,2, Jill P Karpel3,4
1North Shore University Hospital, NS-LIJ Health System, 2Hofstra North Shore – LIJ School of Medicine, 3North Shore Medical Arts, 4Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

Abstract: Ciclesonide is a nonhalogenated synthetic inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) that has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of all severities of persistent asthma. It is available as a hydrofluroalkane pressurized metered-dose inhaler in two strengths, 80 mcg/activation and 160 mcg/activation, with the recommenced dosage being two inhalations twice-daily. It is a prodrug that is converted in the lung to its active form, which possesses 100-fold greater glucocorticoid-receptor-binding affinity than the parent compound. Its relative receptor affinity is similar to budesonide. In clinical studies, ciclesonide was effective in improving pulmonary function, reducing asthma symptoms, and reducing or eliminating the need for oral corticosteroids (OCSs). Patients with severe asthma dependent on OCSs and high doses of ICSs were able to achieve greater asthma control and reduce or even eliminate the use of OCSs when switched to ciclesonide. In comparison with fluticasone propionate and budesonide, ciclesonide was demonstrated to be at least as effective in maintaining pulmonary function and asthma control. In clinical trials, ciclesonide was well tolerated, with the majority of adverse events considered mild or moderate in intensity. It had low systemic bioavailability and no clinically significant hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis suppression at therapeutic doses. Its safety profile establishes ciclesonide as an important addition to the currently available ICSs.

Keywords: ciclesonide, asthma, maintenance, corticosteroids

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Readers of this article also read:

Emerging and future therapies for hemophilia

Carr ME, Tortella BJ

Journal of Blood Medicine 2015, 6:245-255

Published Date: 3 September 2015

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010