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Prioritizing Infection Prevention and Control Activities for SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19): A Multi-Criteria Decision-Analysis Method

Authors Sarwar A, Imran M

Received 22 November 2020

Accepted for publication 30 January 2021

Published 26 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 77—84

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JHL.S292606

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pavani Rangachari


Adnan Sarwar, Muhammad Imran

Department of Economics and Business Management, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

Correspondence: Adnan Sarwar
Department of Economics and Business Management, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
Tel +92 3007699710
Email [email protected]

Purpose: The outbreak of COVID-19 in China has spread to the whole world within a short period. The spread of COVID-19 has caused innumerable economic and social losses. The coronavirus spread directly from individual to individual. WHO and other governing bodies made guidelines and remedial activities to minimize the spread of COVID-19. This study aims to analyze and prioritize infection prevention and control activities for SARS-CoV-2.
Methods: An analytical study was conducted between medical representatives and scientists to check the impact of these precautionary measures (social distancing, shaking hands and hugging peoples, unnecessary touching things, hygiene, and sharing personal items) on COVID-19. The Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) method has been utilized to evaluate and prioritize the preventive measures of COVID-19.
Results: The results of this investigation shows, unnecessary travel, 3Cs, and touching own body parts should be avoided. Wearing a mask and proper hand washing are important to reduce the spread of coronavirus.
Conclusion: The SARS-CoV-2 has affected more than 11 million people around the world. The second spike of COVID-19 is also alarming for people. It is important to follow the instruction provided by the WHO, CDC, and other national and international governing bodies. The AHP method was used to check various measures that are spreading the coronavirus disease. It demonstrated that 3Cs (spaces that are closed, crowded, and involve close contacts) and travel, shaking hand, unnecessary touching own body parts should be avoided.

Keywords: pandemic COVID-19, preventive measure, decision making, AHP, SARS-CoV-2

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