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Prevalence of Early Removal of Long-Acting Contraceptive Methods and Its Associated Factors in Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia

Authors Geja E, Belayneh F, Legesse D, Tsegaw D, Abuka T, Gebremariam A, Gebreyohaness H, Jember D, Oltaye Z, Tadele A

Received 4 September 2020

Accepted for publication 14 January 2021

Published 12 February 2021 Volume 2021:12 Pages 35—44

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OAJC.S280405

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Igal Wolman


Ephrem Geja,1 Fanuel Belayneh,2 Deresse Legesse,2 Desalegn Tsegaw,2 Teshome Abuka,2 Addis Gebremariam,3 Henok Gebreyohaness,4 Dawit Jember,2 Zewdie Oltaye,1 Alelign Tadele5

1School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia; 2School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia; 3Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa, Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia; 4Yale Global Health Leadership Institute, Yale School of Public Health, Gondar, Ethiopia; 5Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Hawassa Health Sciences College, Hawassa, Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia

Correspondence: Ephrem Geja
School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences Hawassa University, PO Box 05, Hawassa, Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia Tel +251-911-066-463
Email ephi.geja@gmail.com

Background: Long-acting reversible contraceptive methods, IUD and sub-dermal implant, offer women the most effective method to control fertility. Yet, reports on high early removal rates were emerged, prompting concern among service providers and highlighting the need to review removal rates and its reasons. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of early removal rates of LARCs and its associated factors in Sidama Regional State, Southern Ethiopia.
Methods:  Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Sidama Regional State, Ethiopia from June 1 to June 30, 2019. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 21 administrative units in the first stage. Then, systematic sampling was used to select 475 women who have ever used implants or IUD 3 years preceding the data collection period. Data were entered into Epi Info version 3.4.3 and exported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Descriptive statistics, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression were computed. P-value < 0.05 was used to declare a significant association.
Results: The mean (±SD) of the participant’s age was 29.81 (± 5.69) years. The prevalence of early removal rate of LARCs was 10.3%, ie, 43 (10.8%) among Implanon/jadelle users and 6 (7.8%) among IUD users. Eleven (22.4%) discontinued within the first six months and 38 (77.6%) utilized for more than six months and discontinued before the 12th month. Women who were not advised about advantage [OR= 2.81 (95% CI: 1.23– 6.40)] and effectiveness of contraceptive [OR= 2.70 (95% CI: 1.30– 5.60)] and those who were satisfied with the family planning service [OR= 2.24 (95% CI: 1.10– 4.57)] were identified as factors.
Conclusions: The prevalence of early removal rate was considerably high among the study subjects. Providing appropriate counseling about the advantage and effectiveness of family planning and improving client satisfaction need to be considered to reduce the early removal rate.

Keywords: IUD, Implanon, jadelle

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