Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and Associated Factors in Addis Ababa Public Health Facilities, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016
Authors Sahile AT, Bekele GE
Received 9 November 2019
Accepted for publication 10 February 2020
Published 25 February 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 501—508
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonio Brunetti
Addisu Tadesse Sahile,1 Getabalew Endazenew Bekele2
1Department of Public Health, Unity University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2Department of Social and Population Health, Yekatit12 Hospital Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Addisu Tadesse Sahile Tel +251 9 12096667
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most public health challenges of the twenty-first century. Globally, 382 million people had diabetes by the year 2013.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes mellitus and identify its associated factors at public health institutions in Addis Ababa.
Patients and Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was carried out from June to July 2016. A total of 758 participants were selected using a multistage sampling technique. Data were collected with a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire; a WHO STEPwise approach of NCDs risk factors identification, and the collected data were checked for completeness immediately following data collection and the filled questionnaires were entered into Epi–Info 3.5.1, and then exported to SPSS 23 for further analysis. Descriptive statistics such as mean, percentages, standard deviation, and ranges were determined. To identify factors associated with diabetes mellitus, binary logistics regression was used.
Results: The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 14.8%, with a sex-specific prevalence of 18.35% and 16.62% for males and females, respectively. Older age participants had higher risks of developing diabetes mellitus than younger age individuals. Alcohol drinkers had more risks of developing diabetes mellitus than non-alcohol drinkers. Participants with plasma HDL-C ≥ 40mg/dl were more likely to develop diabetes mellitus than those with < 40mg/dl. Participants with a higher level of plasma triglyceride ≥ 130mg/dl were found to be more exposed to the risks of developing diabetes mellitus than study participants with a low level of triglycerides.
Conclusion: A higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus was observed in Addis Ababa public health institutions. Factors such as age, alcohol drinking, HDL, triglycerides, and vagarious physical activity were associated with diabetes mellitus. Concerned bodies need to work over the ever-increasing diabetes mellitus in Addis Ababa.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, prevalence, associated factors, health facilities
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