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Prevalence of Dermatitis and Superficial Fungal Infection of the Hands in Seafood Workers: An Investigation from Food Markets in Ningbo, China

Authors Le F, Liu B, Si Z, Li S, Qiao J

Received 28 November 2019

Accepted for publication 23 April 2020

Published 19 May 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 427—431

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S240327

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Kent Rondeau


Feng Le,1,2 Bin Liu,2 Zixiang Si,3 Sheng Li,1 Jianjun Qiao1

1Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Dermatology, Beilun Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Ningbo, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Dermatology, Beilun Branch of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Ningbo, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Jianjun Qiao
Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, No. 79, Qingchun Road, Hangzhou 310003, People’s Republic of China
Email qiaojianjun@zju.edu.cn

Objective: Seafood workers have high risks of hand skin diseases. The purpose of this survey is to study the prevalence of occupational hand skin diseases in this population.
Methods: From March 2018 to October 2018, seafood workers in two food markets in Ningbo, China were investigated. Fungal microscopy and cultures from lesions on the hands and nails were performed. A community-based investigation of hand skin diseases was performed as a control group.
Results: One handred and eleven of  135 (82.2%) seafood workers in two food markets in Ningbo were taken into the investigation. The prevalence of hand dermatitis was 50.5% (56/111) in seafood workers, which is significantly higher than that of the control group (7.43%, p< 0.001). It was found that the incidence of superficial fungal infection of the hands in seafood workers was much higher than that in community residents (26.1% vs 2.7%, p< 0.001). Without wearing waterproof gloves, longer working time per day, longer history of seafood work increased the risk of hand dermatitis, instead of candidial infection of the hands and nails.
Conclusion: Hand skin diseases are highly prevalent in seafood workers in Ningbo, a city in eastern China. This public health problem should be addressed in this population.

Keywords: seafood, hand dermatitis, fungal colonization, Candida

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