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Prevalence of chronic kidney diseases in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: assessment based on glomerular filtration rate estimated from creatinine and cystatin C levels

Authors Yoshizawa T, Okada K, Furuichi S, Ishiguro T, Yoshizawa A, Akahoshi T, Gon Y, Akashiba T, Hosokawa Y, Hashimoto S

Received 9 January 2015

Accepted for publication 11 May 2015

Published 6 July 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 1283—1289


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 4

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Takayuki Yoshizawa,1,2 Kazuyoshi Okada,3 Sachiko Furuichi,1,2 Toshihiko Ishiguro,1 Akitaka Yoshizawa,1 Toshiki Akahoshi,2 Yasuhiro Gon,2 Tsuneto Akashiba,2 Yoshifumi Hosokawa,1,2 Shu Hashimoto2

1Department of Internal Medicine, Kanamecho Hospital, Toshima-ku, 2Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, 3Division of Nephrology, Hypertension and Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Background: Cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and depression are identified comorbidities of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but there have been few reports of chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a comorbidity of COPD. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of CKD in COPD patients using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on creatinine (Cr) and cystatin C (Cys) levels.
Methods: The prevalence of CKD and the values of various CKD-related parameters were compared between 108 stable COPD outpatients (COPD group) and a non-COPD control group consisting of 73 patients aged 60 years or more without a history of COPD or kidney disease. CKD was defined as an eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2.
Results: The Cr level was significantly higher in the COPD group, but eGFR based on serum Cr (eGFRCr) was not significantly different between the two groups (73.3±25.3 vs 79.7±15.5 mL/min/1.73 m2). The Cys level was significantly higher and eGFR based on serum Cys (eGFRCys) was significantly lower in the COPD group (60.0±19.4 vs 74.0±13.5 mL/min/1.73 m2, P<0.0001). The prevalence of CKD evaluated based on eGFRCr was 31% in the COPD group and 8% in the non-COPD group with an odds ratio of 4.91 (95% confidence interval, 1.94–12.46, P=0.0008), whereas the evaluated prevalence based on eGFRCys was 53% in the COPD group and 15% in the non-COPD group with an odds ratio of 6.30 (95% confidence interval, 2.99–13.26, P<0.0001), demonstrating a higher prevalence of CKD when based on eGFRCys rather than on eGFRCr.
Conclusion: CKD is a comorbidity that occurs frequently in COPD patients, and we believe that renal function in Japanese COPD patients should preferably be evaluated based not only on Cr but on Cr in combination with Cys.

Keywords: CKD, comorbidity, COPD, eGFR

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