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Prevalence of Anemia and Its Associated Socio-Demographic Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending an Antenatal Care Clinic at Kisugu Health Center IV, Makindye Division, Kampala, Uganda

Authors Mahamoud NK, Mwambi B, Oyet C, Segujja F, Webbo F, Okiria JC, Taremwa IM

Received 16 September 2019

Accepted for publication 7 January 2020

Published 20 January 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 13—18

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JBM.S231262

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin H. Bluth


Naimo Khalif Mahamoud, 1 Bashir Mwambi, 1 Caesar Oyet, 1 Farouk Segujja, 1 Fred Webbo, 1, 2 John Charles Okiria, 1 Ivan Mugisha Taremwa 1

1Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Clarke International University, Kampala, Uganda; 2Lancet Laboratories, Kampala, Uganda

Correspondence: Ivan Mugisha Taremwa
Institute of Allied Health Sciences, Clarke International University, P.O Box 7782, Kampala, Uganda
Tel +256774346368
Email imugisha@ymail.com

Aims/Objectives: This study sought to determine the prevalence, morphological characterization and associated socio-demographic factors of anemia among pregnant women attending Kisugu Health Centre IV, Makindye Division, Kampala, in Uganda.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed laboratory analysis of blood samples to determine hemoglobin concentration, and a structured questionnaire to obtain socio-demographic factors associated with anemia during pregnancy.
Results: We enrolled 345 pregnant women aged 15 to 43 years. The median, interquartile range, and mean Hb levels were 8.1g/dL, 6.4 ± 2.1g/dL and 7.9g/dL, respectively. There were 89 participants whose Hb levels were indicative of anemia, giving anemia prevalence of 25.8% (95% confidence interval: 21.6– 29.8). Of these, 25 (28.1%) had mild anemia, 46 (51.7%) had moderate anemia, while 18 (20.2%) had severe anemia. Thin blood film examination showed normocytic-hypochromic (75.3%), then microcytic-hypochromic (21.6%), and macrocytic-hypochromic red blood cells (3.4%). The socio-demographic factors of gestational age, parity, and mother’s occupation were significantly associated with the risk of anemia (p< 0.05).
Conclusion: We report a high prevalence of anemia among pregnant women; with a majority of hypochromic-microcytic anemia. This may necessitate more anemia awareness and it requires institution of nutritional interventions to avert fetal-maternal complications.

Keywords: anemia, morphological characterization, pregnant women, Uganda

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