Prevalence of Anemia and Its Associated Factors Among Female Adolescents in Ambo Town, West Shewa, Ethiopia
Received 19 May 2020
Accepted for publication 11 August 2020
Published 7 September 2020 Volume 2020:11 Pages 279—287
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Martin Bluth
Meseret Robi Tura,1 Gudina Egata,2 Sagni Girma Fage,3 Kedir Teji Roba3
1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia; 2School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3School of Nursing & Midwifery, College of Health & Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
Correspondence: Sagni Girma Fage Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Objective: This study assessed the prevalence of anemia among female adolescents and factors associated with it in Ambo town, West Shewa, Ethiopia.
Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 523 randomly selected female adolescents living in Ambo town, Ethiopia from August 5– 29, 2018. Data were collected through structured interview using a structured questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements were done and the hemoglobin value was measured on the field and adjusted for the altitude. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify predictors of anemia. Level of statistical significance was declared at P< 0.05.
Results: In this study, 39% (95% CI= 34.8– 43%) participants were anemic, of which 63 (30.9%) and 46 (22.5%) female adolescents were stunted and wasted, respectively. Anemia was considerably high among female adolescents with high dietary diversity score. Adolescents born to mothers who were unable to read and write (AOR= 3.27; 95% CI=1.79– 5.97), who always take tea and/or coffee within 30 minutes after meal (AOR= 6.19; 95% CI=3.32– 11.48), who were wasted (AOR=1.67; 95% CI=1.11– 2.52), and who had already attained their menses (AOR=1.93; 95% CI=1.19– 3.13) were more likely to be anemic compared to their counterparts.
Conclusion: Nearly four in ten female adolescents in the study setting were anemic. Anemia among female adolescents was a moderate public health problem. Adolescents born to mothers who were unable to read and write, who consumed tea/coffee within 30 minutes after a meal, who were wasted, and who had already attained menses should be prioritized for interventions aiming at addressing iron-deficiency anemia in female adolescents.
Keywords: anemia, female adolescents, West Shewa, Ambo, Ethiopia
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