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Preparation of honokiol nanoparticles by liquid antisolvent precipitation technique, characterization, pharmacokinetics, and evaluation of inhibitory effect on HepG2 cells

Authors Wu W, Wang L, Wang L, Zu Y, Wang S, Liu P, Zhao X

Received 27 June 2018

Accepted for publication 24 July 2018

Published 17 September 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 5469—5483

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S178416

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Thiruganesh Ramasamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Weiwei Wu,1 Li Wang,2 Lingling Wang,2 Yuangang Zu,2 Siying Wang,2 Peiyan Liu,2 Xiuhua Zhao2

1Key Laboratory of Saline-Alkali Vegetation Ecology Restoration in Oil Field (SAVER), Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China; 2Key Laboratory of Forest Plant Ecology, Northeast Forestry University, Ministry of Education, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China

Background: Honokiol is a bioactive lignanoid and has been utilized in traditional Chinese medicine for a long time. It exhibits several pharmacological properties, such as anticancer effects, anti-inflammatory effects, and antianxiety effects. However, the poor aqueous solubility of honokiol has impeded clinical applications.
Materials and methods: In the present study, we adopted the liquid antisolvent precipitation (LAP) technique to prepare nanoparticles of honokiol for enhancement of solubility and bioavailability. Moreover, the honokiol nanoparticles obtained were investigated and evaluated in terms of morphology, physicochemical properties, saturation solubility, dissolution in vitro, bioavailability in vivo, toxicity, and the inhibitory effect on growth of HepG2 cells.
Results: The obtained honokiol nanoparticles existed nearly in spherical shape and could be turned into amorphous structure by the LAP method. Moreover, the solubility of the honokiol nanoparticles was extremely higher than that of free honokiol, and the nanoparticle dissolution rate was also higher than that of free honokiol, which was about 20.41 times and 26.2 times than that of free honokiol in artificial gastric juice and in artificial intestinal juice. The area under the curve [AUC(0–t)] value of honokiol nanoparticles was about 6.52 times greater than that of free honokiol; therefore, the honokiol nanoparticles had a higher bioavailability than free honokiol but were innoxious to the organs of rats. Additionally, the honokiol nanoparticles exhibited a higher inhibition of HepG2 cells due to their lower IC50 compared to free honokiol.
Conclusion: Honokiol nanoparticles have high solubility and bioavailability, and can become a new oral drug formulation and produce a better response for its clinical applications.

Keywords: honokiol, honokiol nanoparticles, solubility, bioavailability

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