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Preparation, characterization, in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor effect of thalidomide nanoparticles on lung cancer

Authors Chen L, Ni X, Zhang H, Wu M, Liu J, Xu S, Yang L, Fu S, Wu J

Received 8 December 2017

Accepted for publication 8 March 2018

Published 23 April 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 2463—2476

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S159327

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Govarthanan Muthusamy

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Linlin Sun


Long Xia Chen,* Xiao Ling Ni,* Heng Zhang, Min Wu, Jing Liu, Shan Xu, Ling Lin Yang, Shao Zhi Fu, Jingbo Wu

Department of Oncology, the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Introduction: Thalidomide (THA) is an angiogenesis inhibitor and an efficient inhibitor of the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). However, the clinical application of THA has been limited due to hydrophobicity of the compound.
Materials and methods: To increase the water solubility of THA and in order to evaluate the anticancer abilities of this material on human lung carcinoma, methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) nanoparticles loaded with THA (THA-NPs) were prepared. The synthesis of THA-NPs was carried out via a dialysis method with relative satisfactory encapsulation efficiency, loading capacity, size distribution, and zeta potential.
Results: A cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that THA-NPs inhibited the growth of cells in a dose-dependent manner. The evaluation of anti-tumor activity in vivo showed that THA-NPs could inhibit tumor growth and prolong the survival rate of tumor-bearing mice. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that THA-NPs inhibited cell proliferation (Ki-67 positive rate, 32.8%±4.2%, P<0.01), and resulted in a decreased rate of the tumor tissue microvessel density (3.87%±0.77%, P<0.01), VEGF (26.67%±4.02%, P<0.01), and TNF-α (75.21±6.85 ng/mL, P<0.01).
Conclusion: In general, the drug delivery system reported herein may shed light on future targeted therapy in lung cancer treatment.

Keywords: thalidomide, nanoparticles, MPEG-PCL, lung cancer

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