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Preparation and in vitro/in vivo characterization of enteric-coated nanoparticles loaded with the antihypertensive peptide VLPVPR

Authors Sun HY, Liu D, Li Y, Tang XW, Cong YL

Received 16 October 2013

Accepted for publication 6 December 2013

Published 3 April 2014 Volume 2014:9(1) Pages 1709—1716

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S56092

Checked for plagiarism Yes

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Peer reviewer comments 2

Haiyan Sun, Dong Liu, Yan Li, Xuwei Tang, Yanli Cong

Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Fermentation, Purification and Analysis, Shenzhen Polytechnic, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

Abstract: Our previous study revealed that the peptide Val-Leu-Pro-Val-Pro-Arg (VLPVPR), which was prepared using deoxyribonucleic acid recombinant technology, effectively decreased the blood pressure of spontaneous hypertensive rats; however, the effect only lasts 6 hours, likely due to its low absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. To overcome this problem, the purpose of this study was to characterize (methoxy-polyethylene glycol)-b-poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-b-poly(L-lysine) nanoparticles as in vitro and in vivo carriers for the effective delivery of VLPVPR. In our study, the VLPVPR nanoparticles were prepared using a double emulsion method, coated with Eudragit S100, and freeze-dried to produce enteric-coated nanoparticles. The optimized parameters from the double emulsion method was obtained from orthogonal experiments, including drug loading (DL) and encapsulated ratio (ER) at 6.12% and 86.94%, respectively, and the average particle size was below 100 nm. The release experiment demonstrated that the nanoparticles were sensitive to pH: almost completely released at pH 7.4 after 8 hours, but demonstrated much less release at pH 4.5 or pH 1.0 in the same amount of time. Therefore, the nanoparticles are suitable for enteric release. In vivo compared with the untreated group, the medium and high doses of orally administered VLPVPR nanoparticles reduced blood pressure for more than 30 hours, demonstrating that these nanoparticles have long-lasting and significant antihypertensive effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Keywords: mPEG-PLGA-PLL, in vivo studies, Val-Leu-Pro-Val-Pro-Arg peptide, enteric-coated, nanoparticle, antihypertensive peptide

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