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Preparation and characterization of monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) micelles for the solubilization and in vivo delivery of luteolin

Authors Qiu JF, Gao X, Wang BL, Wei XW, Gou ML, Men K, Liu XY, Guo G, Qian ZY, Huang MJ

Received 11 March 2013

Accepted for publication 28 April 2013

Published 13 August 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 3061—3069

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S45062

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Jin-Feng Qiu,1 Xiang Gao,1,2 Bi-Lan Wang,1 Xia-Wei Wei,1 Ma-Ling Gou,1 Ke Men,1 Xing-Yu Liu,1 Gang Guo,1 Zhi-Yong Qian,1 Mei-Juan Huang1

1Department of Thoracic Oncology, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital and Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China; 2Medical School and Department of Pathophysiology, College of Preclinical and Forensic Medical Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China

Abstract: Luteolin (Lu) is one of the flavonoids with anticancer activity, but its poor water solubility limits its use clinically. In this work, we used monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (MPEG-PCL) micelles to encapsulate Lu by a self-assembly method, creating a water-soluble Lu/MPEG-PCL micelle. These micelles had a mean particle size of 38.6 ± 0.6 nm (polydispersity index = 0.16 ± 0.02), encapsulation efficiency of 98.32% ± 1.12%, and drug loading of 3.93% ± 0.25%. Lu/MPEG-PCL micelles could slowly release Lu in vitro. Encapsulation of Lu in MPEG-PCL micelles improved the half-life (t½; 152.25 ± 49.92 versus [vs] 7.16 ± 1.23 minutes, P = 0.007), area under the curve (0–t) (2914.05 ± 445.17 vs 502.65 ± 140.12 mg/L/minute, P = 0.001), area under the curve (0–∞) (2989.03 ± 433.22 vs 503.81 ± 141.41 mg/L/minute, P = 0.001), and peak concentration (92.70 ± 11.61 vs 38.98 ± 7.73 mg/L, P = 0.003) of Lu when the drug was intravenously administered at a dose of 30 mg/kg in rats. Also, Lu/MPEG-PCL micelles maintained the cytotoxicity of Lu on 4T1 breast cancer cells (IC50 = 6.4 ± 2.30 µg/mL) and C-26 colon carcinoma cells (IC50 = 12.62 ± 2.17 µg/mL) in vitro. These data suggested that encapsulation of Lu into MPEG-PCL micelles created an aqueous formulation of Lu with potential anticancer effect.

Keywords: luteolin, micelle, MPEG-PCL, cancer therapy

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