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Preoperative optimization of the vascular surgery patient

Authors Zhan HT, Purcell ST, Bush RL

Received 25 February 2015

Accepted for publication 6 May 2015

Published 1 July 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 379—385

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/VHRM.S83492

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Daniel Duprez

Henry T Zhan,1 Seth T Purcell,1,2 Ruth L Bush1

1Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Bryan, 2Baylor Scott and White, Temple, TX, USA


Abstract: It is well known that patients who suffer from peripheral (noncardiac) vascular disease often have coexisting atherosclerotic diseases of the heart. This may leave the patients susceptible to major adverse cardiac events, including death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and pulmonary edema, during the perioperative time period, in addition to the many other complications they may sustain as they undergo vascular surgery procedures, regardless of whether the procedure is performed as an open or endovascular modality. As these patients are at particularly high risk, up to 16% in published studies, for postoperative cardiac complications, many proposals and algorithms for perioperative optimization have been suggested and studied in the literature. Moreover, in patients with recent coronary stents, the risk of noncardiac surgery on adverse cardiac events is incremental in the first 6 months following stent implantation. Just as postoperative management of patients is vital to the outcome of a patient, preoperative assessment and optimization may reduce, and possibly completely alleviate, the risks of major postoperative complications, as well as assist in the decision-making process regarding the appropriate surgical and anesthetic management. This review article addresses several tools and therapies that treating physicians may employ to medically optimize a patient before they undergo noncardiac vascular surgery.

Keywords: perioperative care, intraoperative care, medical management, risk evaluation/stratification, medical treatment

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