Preferences related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and its treatment
Kate Van Brunt1, Louis S Matza1, Peter M Classi2, Joseph A Johnston2
1Center for Health Outcomes Research at United BioSource Corporation, Bethesda, MD, USA; 2Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA
Objectives: A growing body of literature has highlighted the importance of considering patient preferences as part of the medical decision-making process. The purpose of the current review was to identify and summarize published research on preferences related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its treatment, while suggesting directions for future research.
Methods: A literature search identified 15 articles that included a choice-based assessment of preferences related to ADHD.
Results: The 15 studies were grouped into four categories based on preference content: preference for a treatment directly experienced by the respondent or the respondent's child; preference for general treatment approaches; preference for a specific treatment attribute or outcome; and preference for aspects of ADHD-related treatment. Preference assessment methods ranged from global single items to detailed choice-based procedures, with few studies using rigorously developed assessment methods. Respondents included patients with ADHD, clinicians, parents, teachers, and survey respondents from the general population. Factors influencing preference include treatment characteristics, effectiveness for specific symptoms, side effects, and respondent demographics. Minimal research has examined treatment preferences of adults with ADHD.
Discussion: Because there is no dominant treatment known to be the first choice for all patients, ADHD is a condition for which individual preferences can play an important role when making treatment decisions for individual patients. Given the potential role of preferences in clinical decision-making, more research is needed to better understand the preferences of patients with ADHD and other individuals who are directly affected by the disorder, such as parents and teachers.
Keywords: patient preference, ADHD, parent preference, utility
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