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Predictors of pneumothorax following endoscopic valve therapy in patients with severe emphysema

Authors Gompelmann D, Lim H, Eberhardt R, Gerovasili V, Herth F, Heussel CP, Eichinger M

Received 15 February 2016

Accepted for publication 21 May 2016

Published 1 August 2016 Volume 2016:11(1) Pages 1767—1773


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Daniela Gompelmann,1,2,* Hyun-ju Lim,3,4,* Ralf Eberhardt,1,2 Vasiliki Gerovasili,5 Felix JF Herth,1,2 Claus Peter Heussel,2–4 Monika Eichinger3,4

1Pneumology and Critical Care Medicine, Thoraxklinik at University of Heidelberg, 2Translational Lung Research Center Heidelberg, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, 3Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology with Nuclear Medicine, Thoraxklinik at University of Heidelberg, 4Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; 5First Critical Care Department, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Background: Endoscopic valve implantation is an effective treatment for patients with advanced emphysema. Despite the minimally invasive procedure, valve placement is associated with risks, the most common of which is pneumothorax. This study was designed to identify predictors of pneumothorax following endoscopic valve implantation.
Methods: Preinterventional clinical measures (vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, residual volume, total lung capacity, 6-minute walk test), qualitative computed tomography (CT) parameters (fissure integrity, blebs/bulla, subpleural nodules, pleural adhesions, partial atelectasis, fibrotic bands, emphysema type) and quantitative CT parameters (volume and low attenuation volume of the target lobe and the ipsilateral untreated lobe, target air trapping, ipsilateral lobe volume/hemithorax volume, collapsibility of the target lobe and the ipsilateral untreated lobe) were retrospectively evaluated in patients who underwent endoscopic valve placement (n=129). Regression analysis was performed to compare those who developed pneumothorax following valve therapy (n=46) with those who developed target lobe volume reduction without pneumothorax (n=83).
Finding: Low attenuation volume% of ipsilateral untreated lobe (odds ratio [OR] =1.08, P=0.001), ipsilateral untreated lobe volume/hemithorax volume (OR =0.93, P=0.017), emphysema type (OR =0.26, P=0.018), pleural adhesions (OR =0.33, P=0.012) and residual volume (OR =1.58, P=0.012) were found to be significant predictors of pneumothorax. Fissure integrity (OR =1.16, P=0.075) and 6-minute walk test (OR =1.05, P=0.077) were also indicative of pneumothorax. The model including the aforementioned parameters predicted whether a patient would experience a pneumothorax 84% of the time (area under the curve =0.84).
Interpretation: Clinical and CT parameters provide a promising tool to effectively identify patients at high risk of pneumothorax following endoscopic valve therapy.

Keywords: endoscopic lung volume reduction, COPD, emphysema, pneumothorax, valve therapy

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