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Predictive factors for the efficacy of the second taxane treatment in patients with advanced cancer

Authors Imai H, Saijo K, Komine K, Kawamura Y, Hiraide S, Umegaki S, Okada Y, Ouchi K, Sato Y, Takahashi M, Takahashi S, Shirota H, Takahashi M, Ishioka C

Received 13 April 2018

Accepted for publication 12 June 2018

Published 17 September 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 3629—3636

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S170948

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Antonella D'Anneo


Hiroo Imai, Ken Saijo, Keigo Komine, Yoshifumi Kawamura, Sakura Hiraide, Sho Umegaki, Yoshinari Okada, Kota Ohuchi, Yuko Sato, Masahiro Takahashi, Shin Takahashi, Hidekazu Shirota, Masanobu Takahashi, Chikashi Ishioka

Department of Medical Oncology, Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan

Purpose: Research has revealed that some patients who develop resistance to the first taxane treatment exhibit a moderate response to the second taxane treatment (incomplete cross-resistance between paclitaxel and docetaxel). However, which patients are most likely to respond to the second treatment remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive factors for the efficacy of the second taxane treatment in patients resistant to the first.
Patients and methods: We enrolled patients treated with paclitaxel and docetaxel (n=31) in this study. Using univariate and multivariate analyses, we determined the predictive factors for the efficacy of the second taxane treatment. Then, we assigned patients to one of the three groups: 1) those with a partial response (PR) to the first taxane treatment who subsequently became refractory (PR group); 2) those whose response was stable disease (SD) and subsequently became refractory (SD group); and 3) those whose response was the progression of the disease with the first taxane treatment (progression disease [PD] group). Furthermore, the response rates were assessed for each group. All statistical analyses were performed using JMP 11.
Results: Responses to the first taxane treatment considerably correlated with the efficacy of the second treatment in patients with a PR to the first taxane treatment (P=0.0061, univariate analysis; P=0.0056, multivariate analysis). In addition, response rates to the second taxane treatment in the PR, SD, and PD groups were 33.3%, 0%, and 0%, respectively.
Conclusion: The response to the first taxane treatment was a predictive factor for the efficacy of the second taxane treatment in patients with a PR to the first. Thus, the second treatment is highly recommended for patients who exhibit tumor shrinkage (a PR) by the first treatment.

Keywords: taxane, predictive factor, univariate analysis, multivariate analysis

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