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Prediction of diabetic foot ulcer healing in type 2 diabetic subjects using routine clinical and laboratory parameters

Authors AlGoblan A, Alrasheedi I, Basheir O, Haider K

Received 17 October 2015

Accepted for publication 27 January 2016

Published 22 March 2016 Volume 2016:6 Pages 11—16


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Mingzhao Xing

Video abstract presented by Abdullah S AlGoblan

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Abdullah S AlGoblan,1 Ibrahim M Alrasheedi,2 Osman H Basheir,3 Khawaja H Haider3

1Diabetes Center, 2Medical Department, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buriadah, Qassim, 3Sulaiman AlRajhi Colleges, Al Bukairiyah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Diabetic foot ulcers are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. The aim of the study was to assess the validity and effectiveness of body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) to predict foot ulcer healing in diabetic patients. We hypothesized that routine clinical and laboratory parameters may reliably predict the healing of diabetic foot ulcers. To validate this hypothesis, a single-center analytical study was carried out in 140 diabetic patients with foot ulceration (from February 2014 to February 2015) in Al Qassim region of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The data collection included demographics, medical diagnoses, BMI measures, ulcer healing duration, and HbA1c results. The results show that BMI and HbA1c levels were strongly associated with the process as well as duration of foot ulcer healing in the diabetic patients. Higher BMI and elevated HbA1c were associated with poor prognosis in terms of foot ulcer healing. Future studies with concomitant use of both the predictors would be an interesting strategy.

Keywords: diabetic foot ulcer, predictor, body mass index, HbA1c

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