Potential barriers to rapid testing for human immunodeficiency virus among a commuter population in Johannesburg, South Africa
Authors Tshuma N, Muloongo K, Setswe G, Chimoyi L, Sarfo B, Burger D, Nyasulu P
Received 29 July 2014
Accepted for publication 25 September 2014
Published 24 December 2014 Volume 2015:7 Pages 11—19
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 6
Editor who approved publication: Dr Shenghan Lai
Ndumiso Tshuma,1 Keith Muloongo,1 Geoffrey Setswe,2 Lucy Chimoyi,4 Bismark Sarfo,5 Dina Burger,6 Peter S Nyasulu3,7
1Community AIDS Response, Norwood, Johannesburg, South Africa; 2HIV/AIDS, STI and TB (HAST) research program, Human Science Research Council (HSRC), Pretoria, South Africa; 3School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; 4Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Research Institute (WHRI), Hillbrow, Johannesburg, South Africa; 5Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, School of Public Health University of Ghana, Legon-Accra, Ghana; 6The Research Office, Monash South Africa, Ruimsig, Johannesburg, South Africa; 7School of Health Sciences, Monash University, Ruimsig, Johannesburg, South Africa
Background: This study aimed to determine barriers to accessing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) counseling and testing (HCT) services among a commuter population.
Methods: A cross-sectional, venue-based intercept survey was conducted. Participants were recruited during a 2-day community campaign at the Noord Street taxi rank in Johannesburg, South Africa. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire loaded onto an electronic data collection system and analyzed using Stata software. Factors contributing to barriers for HCT were modeled using multivariate logistic regression.
Results: A total of 1,146 (567 male and 579 female) individuals were interviewed; of these, 51.4% were females. The majority (59.5%) were aged 25–35 years. Significant factors were age group (15–19 years), marital status (married), educational level (high school), distance to the nearest clinic (>30 km), area of employment/residence (outside inner city), and number of sexual partners (more than one). Participants aged 15–19 years were more likely to report low-risk perception of HIV as a barrier to HCT (odds ratio [OR] 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01–2.59), the married were more likely to report low-risk perception of HIV as a barrier to HCT (OR 1.49; 95% CI 1.13–1.96), and those living outside the inner city were more likely to report lack of partner support as a potential barrier (OR 1.94; 95% CI 1.34–2.80), while those with a high school education were more likely to report poor health worker attitude as a potential barrier to HIV testing (OR 2.17; 95% CI 1.36–3.45).
Conclusion: Age, marital status, occupation, educational level, area of employment and residence, distance to the nearest clinic, and number of sexual partners were factors significantly associated with barriers to HIV testing in the study population. Future HIV intervention targeting this population need to be reinforced in order to enhance HIV testing while taking cognizance of these factors.
Keywords: human immunodeficiency virus, testing, counseling, commuter, population, accessibility
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