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Post-Stroke Depression and Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate: A Prospective Stroke Cohort

Authors Lin S, Luan X, He W, Ruan Y, Yuan C, Fan A, Chen X, He J

Received 3 August 2019

Accepted for publication 12 November 2019

Published 21 January 2020 Volume 2020:16 Pages 201—208

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S225905

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Jun Chen


Shasha Lin, 1,* Xiaoqian Luan, 1,* Weilei He, 1,* Yiting Ruan, 1 Chengxiang Yuan, 1 Aiyue Fan, 1 Xiachan Chen, 2 Jincai He 1

1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Neurology, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Correspondence: Jincai He
Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China
Tel/Fax +86 577 5557 9363
Email hjc@wmu.edu.cn

Purpose: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a frequent comorbidity in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke. Impaired kidney function has been associated with depression in non-stroke subjects. We would like to evaluate whether the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on admission is associated with the development of PSD.
Patients and methods: Total of 268 patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited and completed 1-month follow-up visit. eGFR was calculated from the serum creatinine value, race, age, and sex by using the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration equation (CKD-EPI creatinine equation). The 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale was used to evaluate depression symptoms. Patients with a depression score of ≥ 7 were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, for diagnosing post-stroke depression at 1 month. Meanwhile, 114 normal control subjects were also recruited.
Results: Ninety-three (34.7%) patients were diagnosed as having PSD at 1 month. There was a significant intergroup difference in eGFR levels within 24 hrs after admission (F=13.608, p< 0.001). The levels of eGFR within 24 hrs after admission were significantly lower in both non-PSD patients and PSD patients than in normal controls. In logistic regression, the level of eGFR (< 82mL/min/1.73m 2) was independently associated with increased risk of PSD even after adjusting for confounders (OR=2.328, 95% CI:1.092– 4.965, p=0.029).
Conclusion: Reduced eGFR was found to be correlated with the development of PSD and it suggests the need for greater attentions and potential interventions for depression in patients with stroke and with reduced eGFR.

Keywords: estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR, post-stroke depression, stroke, Depression

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