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Post intrastromal corneal ring segments insertion complicated by Candida parapsilosis keratitis

Authors Mitchell BM, Kanellopoulos AJ, Font RL

Received 6 November 2012

Accepted for publication 4 December 2012

Published 28 February 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 443—448

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S39963

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Bradley M Mitchell,1 A John Kanellopoulos,2 Ramon L Font3

1Eclipse IS Consulting, Rosenberg, TX, 2Department of Ophthalmology, New York University Medical School, New York City, NY, 3Department of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Pathology Laboratory, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Abstract: This case report describes the clinical and histopathologic features, including molecular confirmation, of fungal keratitis after intrastromal corneal ring segments placement for keratoconus. A 52-year-old woman underwent insertion of Intacs® corneal implants for treatment of keratoconus. Extrusion of the implants was noted 5 months post insertion and replaced. Three months later, monocular infiltrates and an epithelial defect were observed. The Intacs were removed and the infiltrates were treated with ofloxacin and prednisolone acetate. Microbial cultures and stains were negative. The patient demonstrated flares and exacerbation one month later. Mycoplasma and/or fungus were suspected and treated without improvement. Therapeutic keratoplasty was performed 10 months following initial placement of the corneal ring implants. The keratectomy specimen was analyzed by light microscopy and a panfungal polymerase chain reaction assay. A histopathologic diagnosis of Candida parapsilosis keratitis was made and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. One year postoperatively, a systemic workup of the patient was done with no signs of recurrence. This rare report of fungal keratitis following Intacs insertion is the first reported case of C. parapsilosis complicating Intacs implantation.

Keywords: keratoconus, Intacs®, polymerase chain reaction, PCR, molecular diagnosis, histopathology

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