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Positioning new pharmacotherapies for COPD

Authors Barjaktarevic IZ, Arredondo AF, Cooper CB

Received 1 March 2015

Accepted for publication 9 April 2015

Published 24 July 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 1427—1442

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S83758

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Igor Z Barjaktarevic,1 Anthony F Arredondo,1 Christopher B Cooper1,2

1Department of Medicine, 2Department of Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Abstract: COPD imposes considerable worldwide burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. In recognition of this, there is now extensive focus on early diagnosis, secondary prevention, and optimizing medical management of the disease. While established guidelines recognize different grades of disease severity and offer a structured basis for disease management based on symptoms and risk, it is becoming increasingly evident that COPD is a condition characterized by many phenotypes and its control in a single patient may require clinicians to have access to a broader spectrum of pharmacotherapies. This review summarizes recent developments in COPD management and compares established pharmacotherapy with new and emerging pharmacotherapies including long-acting muscarinic antagonists, long-acting β-2 sympathomimetic agonists, and fixed-dose combinations of long-acting muscarinic antagonists and long-acting β-2 sympathomimetic agonists as well as inhaled cortiocosteroids, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, and targeted anti-inflammatory drugs. We also review the available oral medications and new agents with novel mechanisms of action in early stages of development. With several new pharmacological agents intended for the management of COPD, it is our goal to familiarize potential prescribers with evidence relating to the efficacy and safety of new medications and to suggest circumstances in which these therapies could be most useful.

Keywords: COPD phenotypes, once-daily inhalers, fixed-combination inhalers, long-acting muscarinic antagonist, LAMA, long-acting β-2 sympathomimetic agonist, LABA

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